Apache The sacred bison is sacred to all beings, not just to natives. Many may not know that because of their religions but the white buffalo is a symbol of peace and spiritual awareness something that religious people don’t understand yet. Hopefully they will wake up.
Elia Raining Moon
Migrated from Canada
The following Apache tribes are federally recognized:
Apache Tribe of Oklahoma
Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Arizona
Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma
Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico
Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico
San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation, Arizona
Tonto Apache Tribe of Arizona
White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation, Arizona
Yavapai-Apache Nation of the Camp Verde Indian Reservation, Arizona
The Apachean tribes were historically very strong and strategic, opposing the Spanish and Mexican peoples for centuries. The first Apache raids on Sonora appear to have taken place during the late 17th century. In 19th-century confrontations, the U.S. Army found the Apache to be fierce warriors and skillful strategists.
The main food of the Lipan was the buffalo with a three-week hunt during the fall and smaller scale hunts continuing until the spring.
The Jicarillas (pronounced hek-a-REY-ya) and Kiowa-Apaches, which roamed the Plains, used buffalo hide tepees.
Jicarilla Apaches pursued the great buffalo herds like other Plains Indians, mounted on horses they acquired through raids on the Spanish and Pueblos in the late 1600’s.
Indian groups that hunted buffalo and later adopted a herding economy.
Buffalo herds went south during the winter and the northern Texas plains had limited firewood, making it essential to remain at peace with eastern New Mexico.
Emma and Todd Uzzelly, “Apache Indians Defend Borderlands in the Southwest”, El Paso Community College Local History Project, accessed 21 Jan 2010:
Early Apache inhabitants of the southwestern United States were a nomadic people; some groups roamed as far south as Mexico. They were primarily hunters of buffalo but they also practiced limited farming.
Hunting is a part of daily life – for food, clothing, shelter, blankets. Apache hunted deer, wild turkeys, rabbits, buffalo, bears, mountain lions. There was no fishing. Eagles were hunted for their feathers.
They exchanged buffalo hides, tallow and meat, bones that could be worked into needles and scrapers for hides, and salt from the desert with the Pueblos for pottery, cotton, blankets, turquoise, corn and other goods. But at times they simply saw what they wanted and took it. They became known among the Pueblo villages by another name, Apachu, “the enemy”.
When the Apache tribes were in their prime, there were eleven major groups:
The United States Army found their to be very fierce warriors and knowledgeable strategists. The last of the Apache tribe, the Chiricahua, surrendered in 1886. They were deported to Florida and Alabama prisons.
There are still several Apache tribes today. There are approximately 5,000 Apaches today. The Apache tribes include:
Plains Apache (Oklahoma)
Lipan Apache (Texas)
Western Apache (Arizona)
Chiricahua Apache (Arizona/New Mexico)
Jicarilla Apache (New Mexico)
Mescalero Apache (New Mexico)