1891


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Western Kansas World Jan. 17 1891

The Last Buffalo Hunt

……Buffalo had become so scarce that anything concerning them has interest for the general reader. The Laramie Republican tells of a hunting party starting out from Laramie in search of buffalo, accompanied by expert lassoers. Their objective is not to slaughter the animals, but to lassoe them, and bring them alive to Laramie. A herd has been seen by several different parties during the last year, and it’s haunts pretty well located. It is supposed to be now ranging on Red Desert, in Carbon and Fremont Counties, and that is the objective point of the Laramie hunters. The latter take with them a grub wagon and ten saddle horses, and expect to be absent four months. If at the end of that time they should return with a half dozen or more buffalo, they will have a property nearly as valuable as a gold mine, and will in all probability start a buffalo ranch on the Laramie plains, after the style of that owned by Hon. C.J. Jones, at Garden City, Kan.
……“Buffalo” Jones, as he is familiarly known, has a very large branch at Garden City, on which he has some two hundred head of full-blooded and graded bison. He has made a great success at breeding them with native cattle, and finds that the animal thus obtained is in many respects superior to the bison, the robe, particularly, being of a lovely seal brown, and as fine as a genuine sealskin. Jones has been trying to get hold of all the buffalo left on the continent, and two years ago purchase that they missed herd owned by a party near Winnipeg, paying very large price for them.
……The only other heard known to exist in this country is one at Bismarck Grove, Colo., numbering fifteen and owned by Col. H.H. Stanton, of Kansas City. They are not for sale at any price. One bull in the herd, named “Cleveland,” is said to be the finest living specimen of a race now almost extinct. These cases are mentioned to show the importance of the expedition now on its way to Red Desert, should its object be accomplished.
……That the capture of the herd is feasible is shown by the fact that a few months ago a cowboys ran across them lassoed one, threw it, and branded it, after which he turned it loose, the State law making it penitentiary offense to kill a buffalo. The difficulty the party will encounter will not be so much to capture this noble game as to get them to Laramie after they are taken, as they are the most stubborn and intractable brute on earth. It is probable that they will be taken to the nearest railroad station and shipped on the cars. There is scarcely a doubt that this will be the last buffalo hunt in the United States – it certainly will be the last in Wyoming if successful, and if through its means the species can be increased and perpetuated the expedition will not have been undertaken in vain. A full-blooded American bison is worth from $300 to $3000, where they can be bought at all.

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The Colonies, London Oct 31 1891

BISON AND AMERICAN CENSUS

……It is not generally known that the bison still exist in Europe. The European variety (Biso Europaus) appears to be identical with the North American bison in all essential respects and in its general appearance. The theory of a land connection between Europe and America is thus supported by one of the most characteristic animals of the Far West. The American bison is all but extinct; there is a remnant of “wood buffalo” in the Athabasca region and a preserved band in the Yellowstone Park, not to speak of the tame ones in menageries and the herd of “Buffalo Bill.” In Europe the ancient bison of the Lithuanian and German forest is still preserved in the woods of Biolowicza by the Czar of Russia.
……Statistics of horses and mules in the United States, as given in the American census returns, showed that on June 1, 1890, there were in all the states and territories 14,076,017 horses, 2,216,936 mules, 49,109 asses. The increase of horses between 1880 and 1890 was 44.59 per cent., as compared with 44.95 per cent. in the period 1870-80, and 14.34 per cent. in 1860-70. The increase in mules in 1880-90 was 26.66 per cent.; between 1870-80 is was 61.08 per cent. ; and in 1860-70 there was a decrease of 2.24 per cent. In June , 1890 out of the total number of horses and mules 86.95 per cent. were horses and 13.05 per cent. were mules. The greater number of mules are in the South Atlantic states, the figures being 32.04 per cent. mules to 37.96 of horses.