Dr Jeff Martin: Whence the Buffalo Roamed:
When and Where Were Bison Roaming During Colonial North America and Before?
Tracking the Goodnight Bison herd- said he relocated bison all over and in many other countries. He also said he would buy any small family groups or singles whenever he could, which is why I wonder if the Bulls from Howard Eaton that came to Texas, if they did go to Goodnight, at that same time Goodnight was shipping bison to Yellowstone, which Eaton was handling that sale and transfer as well.
Wichita herd was a collection of what the Bronx had collected and right before they were due to ship (abt 6 months) the 15 head to Wichita, Whitney donated practically his whole herd. If Wichita did not get some of the Goodnight bison, they may have gotten the genetics from his bison as they were sent there in 1899, years before the 15 head were shipped to Oklahoma.
1866 Charles Goodnight TX Palo Dura Texas +3cfs Gave to a partner who later sold them w/o CG knowledge
1878 Charles Goodnight TX Gathered Texas Canyon +2hd 1 heifer 1 bull calf
1878 Charles Goodnight TX Gathered Texas Canyon 1878/80 +3hd Gather by Walter and Leigh Dyer 2 calves (brothers of Mary Ann) one of the heifers died before it was of breeding age, leaving one bull and two heifers as the nucleus of the now famous herd.
1879 Charles Goodnight TX 1878/80 +1 calf/4hd By T Anchors
1881 Charles Goodnight TX From Neighboring Ranch +2hd/6hd Colonel B.B. Groom’s ranch on the Canadian 1 yr & 1-2yo
1883 Charles Goodnight TX Texas 1hd/7hd A brindle cattalo calf, near the carcass of the Texas cow
1888 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 13hd Hornaday: 2 three-year-old bulls, 7cows, and 4 calves-One cow is a half-breed (calf caught on plains in 83′?)
1891 Charles Goodnight TX Imported a bull in June/Jul +1hd Bull from Lee’s Summit Missouri.
1892 Charles Goodnight TX Herd increase 32hd – 32 Cows, how many bulls is unknown cattalo?
1892 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase He has even bought at times when buffalo were offered for sale single he or in little families. He has sent men all over the West in search of the scattered remnants of the once countless herds. No sales at this point.
1893 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase Dec 26. 24hd Buffalo full blood
1894 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 25/30 25 or 30 full-blooded buffalo and as many more half-breeds
1896 Charles Goodnight TX February Buffalo Zoo NY -2hd Cows sent to Buffalo Zoo NY- Frank Crandell BZNY
1896 Charles Goodnight TX September 26th US Gov. -5hd Sold to US Government Two old bulls, one yearling heifer and old cow. The 5th ?
1897 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase August 50hd St Jo Herald says 36 pure blood buffalo.
1898 Charles Goodnight TX 1897/1898 sold two head to CJ Jones to break to cart. (JT Owens)
1898 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 63hd Abt. 63 In all, buffalo and crosses
1898 Charles Goodnight TX Sold at Auction -1hd Old buffalo bull @.10 per lb about 14 years of age weighed 1,850
1898 Charles Goodnight TX Brackenridge Park, Texas -5hd Brackenridge Park, San Antonio, Texas
1899 Charles Goodnight TX Sept- Germany -5 Buffalo Jones has gone to Goodnight Texas, to get seven buffalo which he will ship 5 east. (Europe)
1899 Charles Goodnight TX Sept-Madison Square Park -2 Buffalo Jones has gone to Goodnight Texas, to get seven buffalo which he will ship 2 Madison Square Park NY
1899 Charles Goodnight TX Sept- Zoological Park Bronx -7hd 4 Bulls , 2 Cows, 1 yrl Delivered by Jones
1900 Charles Goodnight TX Elitch’s Park, Colorado -2hd Elitch’s Park Colorado -several among them one of the first ever caught; (came here or Denver)
1901 Charles Goodnight TX Denver -1hd Bull for Denver Zoo
1901 Charles Goodnight TX Hornaday sent out plea’s-animals arrived Oct 1 -4hd Goodnight 4hd 3bulls – 1 cow – Ed Hewens Bull, Cow and yrl hfr – $500 for cows $400 for bulls CJ Jones selected the animals from Goodnight and delivered them. National Zoological Park
1901 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase abt 50hd And may have just as many crosses.
1902 Charles Goodnight TX Bulls Yellowstone -3 Bulls Donated to Yellowstone (est 23 animals now in park)
1902 Charles Goodnight TX Fall- Buffalo Bill -8hd Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show (two were killed during loading)
1902 Charles Goodnight TX April 16 60-70hd Full Blood all sexes and sizes 17 bulls, the rest cows and hfrs. A number of hybrids
1903 Charles Goodnight ? TX July – Howard Eaton -Pablo Allard 2hd? Others will be shipped to Mr. Eaton’s herd in Dakota, and still others to Texas, where there is a herd, the idea being to infuse new blood into those herds. Did they go to Goodnight?
1903 Charles Goodnight TX Brackenridge Park, Texas -3hd Brackenridge Park San Antonio Three buffalo yearlings, two heifers and one bull, the gift of Col. Geo. W. Brackenridge in Antonio, arrived here today for the Goodnight ranch in the Panhandle
1903 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 73/50 Xs Full blood/Crosses
1904 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 50 hd Mark Sullivan census taker
1906 Charles Goodnight TX Peter Roth, Nevada -15hd Peter Roth has started a buffalo farm near Las Vegas and has received from Charles Goodnight, the well-known buffalo raiser, fifteen buffalo calves six months old each.
1908 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 91hd/100Xs Born on ranch 21 new calves 70 Grown
1909 Charles Goodnight TX Conrad Herd- Nat’l Bison Range -2hd Charles Goodnight of Texas forwarded his gift pair of young buffaloes to the Conrad estate at Kalispell, to be kept there pending erection of the fence at the bison preserve. The male buffalo died, and the female was shipped with the Conrad herd to Ravalli. Nation Bison Range
1912 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 120+ ABS
1914 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 164hd 35 were bulls, 107 were cows, and 22 were calves
1915 Charles Goodnight TX Reynolds Ranch -5hd Sold to Reynolds Hereford Ranch They grew that little herd to over 200 head by the 1950’s and put on buffalo hunts supervised by the Game and Fish commission. 4 cows and one bull
1915 Charles Goodnight TX W.O. Dunlop -45hd W. O. Dunlap is not a cattleman, although he is attending the convention. He is a buffalo man for he bought 45 head of buffalo from the Goodnight ranch and is having good success with them.
1915 Charles Goodnight TX J P Slaughter ranch -3hd Sent on a train and two of the bulls fought and killed each other. Only one bull survived and he was sent back.
1916 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 148/35 Charles Goodnight has 148 buffalo and 35 cattalo
1921 Charles Goodnight TX Texas A&M -2hd On November 16 1921, a pair of buffalo yearlings were purchased and placed in a corral on the campus. The mascots were named Charles and Mary Ann in honor of their former owners. Col. and Mrs Charles Goodnight.
1923 Ranch Sold w/buffalo TX Ranch Sold to J.I. Straley, an oilman from Wichita Falls. Straley was in partnership with his sisters husband.
1924 C Goodnight-J.I. Staley TX Ranch sold >200hd the increase being sold off or butchered for meat and hides. This year surplus of buffalo calves was purchased by that Burnett ranch interest of Iowa Park. (In 1932, “Hugh Exum, manager of the ranch (6666 Ranch) , told me he was posting the place,” Cardwell said. “He has five buffalo he got from the Goodnight ranch and he is going to see what he can do.’ Tom L Burnett died in 1938 and the last 14 head of his buffalo were sold to two ranchers of the same area who planned to use them for stock purposes in May of 1936. Two of them will be exhibited at the centennial exposition in Dallas)
1929 C Goodnight-J.I. Staley TX Goodnight died in 1929, and he wanted the state to take over his ranch and bison herd. 209hd The American Bison Society recorded this herd in 1929 as having 208 head, it was listed as Charles Goodnight-J.I. Staley