Buffalo Tracks Researching…..the foundation bison herds.
Dr Jeff Martin: Whence the Buffalo Roamed:
When and Where Were Bison Roaming During Colonial North America and Before?
I am tracking all the bison from [our] beginning of the ‘foundation’ herds. Walking Coyote, Samuel Bedson, Charles Alloway, James McKay, and the others. It has been much more time-consuming than I originally thought it would be, but I did add other information to my database as I went along. I will be adding those pieces to the individual pages as time permits.
All of this information is nice to know but I’m not sure how useful it is today. Other than knowing all our bison mixed back then. Hornaday, when looking for animals wanted to take from at least 3 different herds. A few years before they shipped to Wichita, Pablo and Pawnee both offered 10 head each. I can’t find where that ever happened in those numbers. It may be the timing was way too soon and Wichita was not even set up yet.
I tracked from the beginning of a herd to about 1905 to 1910, I went where the information led me. When the ABS was in full force, there was no reason for me to redo their work. Although there are a couple of herds that I did do a deep dive into, the mystery was too great for me to resist and some interesting information has come to light.
I am still researching some of these herds, namely in Canada, but a few in the U. S. Like Sen. Pettigrew, and Moosehead, where did they come from, or where did they go? Etc.,
Sorting and cleaning up all the information I found, so check back at a later date to see any changes. Bear with me, this was a lot.
1874 James McKay/Alloway CAN Prince Albert, Saskatchewan 5hd “two little heifers and a husky little bull,” although one died en route to Deer Lodge.
1878 James McKay/Alloway CAN herd grown 13hd 10 purebred 3 crosses $1,000
1878 Col. Bedson CAN Charles Alloway 14hd Bought from Charles Alloway 10 purebred 3 crosses plus a new calf just born
1883 Col. Bedson CAN From James McKay 23hd drove in five buffalo calves, and these fell into the possession of James McKay, half-breed, familiarly known as Tonka Jim. The buffalo calves were for four years in Winnipeg, and through being allowed to mix unmolested with the cattle of the place where multiplied by 1883 to .23, this number included hybrids with domestic cattle. In 1882 the entire herd of 23 was sold to Samuel L. Bedson, the warden of the Winnipeg
1885 Col. Bedson CAN Herd Increase 26/15Xs 9 being half breeds 6 were 3/4ths the rest were pure
1887 Col. Bedson CAN January 68/18 Xs Mr. Bedson & Major Bell, of the Bell farm at Qu’Appelle -NW Buffalo Breeding Co.
1887 Col. Bedson CAN October 1hd A genuine buffalo was seen on the reserves south of Burnside this week by Mr. K. McKenzie. It is supposed to be one of the animals which escaped from Warden Bedson’s ranch last fall.
1888 Col Bedson CAN Herd Balance -27hd Sold to Sir Donald Smith (to pay a debt), 5 were killed and 9 given away, which would otherwise make a total of 97 head produced since 1877.
1888 Col Bedson CAN Herd Balance -14hd Since then their increase had been rapid, as in addition to the 83 which at present constitutes the herd, there have been five killed at various periods and nine given away or sold. It is said $35,000 to $50,000 was paid for the herd.
1888 Col. Bedson CAN November -83hd Sold to CJ Jones 23 full-blood bulls, 35 cows,3 half- breed cows, 5 half- breed bulls, and 17 calves, mixed and pure (35 – $50,000)
1873 Walking Coyote or belonged to “Little Falcon Robe”, aka Blanket Hawk, MT Piegan Indian 1hd Famished Buffalo bull calf -story told by Told by Que que sah & later Tony Barnaby, son-in-law of Michael Pablo
1873 Walking Coyote MT Gathered from Montana 4hd by Chief Moses Michell -3 calves
1878 Walking Coyote MT Gathered from Montana 7 calves Bull & heifer 1st trip, 2nd trip 2 bulls 3 heifers as recalled by Charles Aubrey – Trading post on Marias River
1884 Walking Coyote MT -10hd Chas. Allard and Michael Pablo bought of an Indian named Samuel ten head of buffalo, which the Indian brought from east of the Rocky mountains
1866 Charles Goodnight TX Palo Dura Texas +3cfs Gave to a partner who later sold them w/o CG knowledge
1878 Charles Goodnight TX Gathered Texas Canyon +2hd 1 heifer 1 bull calf
1878 Charles Goodnight TX Gathered Texas Canyon 1878/80 +3hd Gather by Walter and Leigh Dyer 2 calves (brothers of Mary Ann) one of the heifers died before it was of breeding age, leaving one bull and two heifers as the nucleus of the now famous herd.
1879 Charles Goodnight TX 1878/80 +1 calf/4hd By T Anchors
1881 Charles Goodnight TX From Neighboring Ranch +2hd/6hd Colonel B.B. Groom’s ranch on the Canadian 1 yr & 1-2yo
1883 Charles Goodnight TX Texas 1hd/7hd A brindle cattalo calf, near the carcass of the Texas cow
1888 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 13hd Hornaday: 2 three-year-old bulls, 7cows, and 4 calves-One cow is a half-breed (calf caught on plains in 83′?)
1891 Charles Goodnight TX Imported a bull in June/Jul +1hd Bull from Lee’s Summit Missouri.
1892 Charles Goodnight TX Herd increase 32hd – 32 Cows, how many bulls is unknown cattalo?
1892 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase He has even bought at times when buffalo were offered for sale single he or in little families. He has sent men all over the West in search of the scattered remnants of the once countless herds. No sales at this point.
1893 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase Dec 26. 24hd Buffalo full blood
1894 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 25/30 25 or 30 full-blooded buffalo and as many more half-breeds
1896 Charles Goodnight TX February Buffalo Zoo NY -2hd Cows sent to Buffalo Zoo NY- Frank Crandell BZNY
1896 Charles Goodnight TX September 26th US Gov. -5hd Sold to US Government Two old bulls, one yearling heifer and old cow. The 5th ?
1897 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase August 50hd St Jo Herald says 36 pure blood buffalo.
1897 Charles Goodnight TX TG Blackstock -3hd Sold to TG 3hd Bull and two cows for Banff
1898 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 63hd Abt. 63 In all, buffalo and crosses
1898 Charles Goodnight TX Sold at Auction -1hd Old buffalo bull @.10 per lb about 14 years of age weighed 1,850
1898 Charles Goodnight TX Brackenridge Park, Texas -5hd Brackenridge Park, San Antonio, Texas
1899 Charles Goodnight TX Sept- Germany -5 Buffalo Jones has gone to Goodnight Texas, to get seven buffalo which he will ship 5 east. (Europe)
1899 Charles Goodnight TX Sept-Madison Square Park -2 Buffalo Jones has gone to Goodnight Texas, to get seven buffalo which he will ship 2 Madison Square Park NY
1899 Charles Goodnight TX Sept- Zoological Park Bronx -7hd 4 Bulls , 2 Cows, 1 yrl Delivered by Jones
1900 Charles Goodnight TX Elitch’s Park, Colorado -2hd Elitch’s Park Colorado -several among them one of the first ever caught; (came here or Denver)
1901 Charles Goodnight TX Denver -1hd Bull for Denver Zoo
1901 Charles Goodnight TX Hornaday sent out plea’s-animals arrived Oct 1 -4hd Goodnight 4hd 3bulls – 1 cow – Ed Hewens Bull, Cow and yrl hfr – $500 for cows $400 for bulls CJ Jones selected the animals from Goodnight and delivered them. National Zoological Park
1901 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase abt 50hd And may have just as many crosses.
1902 Charles Goodnight TX Bulls Yellowstone -3 Bulls Donated to Yellowstone (est 23 animals now in park)
1902 Charles Goodnight TX Fall- Buffalo Bill -8hd Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show (two were killed during loading)
1902 Charles Goodnight TX April 16 60-70hd Full Blood all sexes and sizes 17 bulls, the rest cows and hfrs. A number of hybrids
1903 Charles Goodnight ? TX July – Howard Eaton -Pablo Allard 2hd? Others will be shipped to Mr. Eaton’s herd in Dakota, and still others to Texas, where there is a herd, the idea being to infuse new blood into those herds. Did they go to Goodnight?
1903 Charles Goodnight TX Brackenridge Park, Texas -3hd Brackenridge Park San Antonio Three buffalo yearlings, two heifers and one bull, the gift of Col. Geo. W. Brackenridge in Antonio, arrived here today for the Goodnight ranch in the Panhandle
1903 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 73/50 Xs Full blood/Crosses
1904 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 50 hd Mark Sullivan census taker
1906 Charles Goodnight TX Peter Roth, Nevada -15hd Peter Roth has started a buffalo farm near Las Vegas and has received from Charles Goodnight, the well-known buffalo raiser, fifteen buffalo calves six months old each.
1908 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 91hd/100Xs Born on ranch 21 new calves 70 Grown
1909 Charles Goodnight TX Conrad Herd- Nat’l Bison Range -2hd Charles Goodnight of Texas forwarded his gift pair of young buffaloes to the Conrad estate at Kalispell, to be kept there pending erection of the fence at the bison preserve. The male buffalo died, and the female was shipped with the Conrad herd to Ravalli. Nation Bison Range
1912 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 120+ ABS
1914 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 164hd 35 were bulls, 107 were cows, and 22 were calves
1915 Charles Goodnight TX Reynolds Ranch -5hd Sold to Reynolds Hereford Ranch They grew that little herd to over 200 head by the 1950’s and put on buffalo hunts supervised by the Game and Fish commission. 4 cows and one bull
1915 Charles Goodnight TX W.O. Dunlop -45hd W. O. Dunlap is not a cattleman, although he is attending the convention. He is a buffalo man for he bought 45 head of buffalo from the Goodnight ranch and is having good success with them.
1915 Charles Goodnight TX J P Slaughter ranch -3hd Sent on a train and two of the bulls fought and killed each other. Only one bull survived and he was sent back.
1916 Charles Goodnight TX Herd Increase 148/35 Charles Goodnight has 148 buffalo and 35 cattalo
1921 Charles Goodnight TX Texas A&M -2hd On November 16 1921, a pair of buffalo yearlings were purchased and placed in a corral on the campus. The mascots were named Charles and Mary Ann in honor of their former owners. Col. and Mrs Charles Goodnight.
1923 Ranch Sold w/buffalo TX Ranch Sold to J.I. Straley, an oilman from Wichita Falls. Straley was in partnership with his sisters husband.
1924 C Goodnight-J.I. Staley TX Ranch sold >200hd the increase being sold off or butchered for meat and hides. This year surplus of buffalo calves was purchased by that Burnett ranch interest of Iowa Park. (In 1932, “Hugh Exum, manager of the ranch (6666 Ranch) , told me he was posting the place,” Cardwell said. “He has five buffalo he got from the Goodnight ranch and he is going to see what he can do.’ Tom L Burnett died in 1938 and the last 14 head of his buffalo were sold to two ranchers of the same area who planned to use them for stock purposes in May of 1936. Two of them will be exhibited at the centennial exposition in Dallas)
1929 C Goodnight-J.I. Staley TX Goodnight died in 1929, and he wanted the state to take over his ranch and bison herd. 209hd The American Bison Society recorded this herd in 1929 as having 208 head, it was listed as Charles Goodnight-J.I. Staley
1868 CJ Jones KS Hunting “Forty Years of Adventure” to County Commissioner Joe Gooch, who was with him on his buffalo-hunting expedition in 1868.
1872 CJ Jones KS 12hd Sold for 7.50 ahead-he claims in Forty Years of Adventure at that time $2.50 for a bull skin and a $1.50 for a cow skin, delivered in Chicago
1875 CJ Jones KS October Wild West Hunt/Show Cleared $1K hd? The hunt however, was rather diaphanous: the buffalo walked through the fence, the wolf went under it and escaped to the woods, and the jack rabbits didn’t get a fair start before the dog’s corralled them. Plan another at Woodland Park next week.
1883 CJ Jones KS 4hd from a bunch of four in 1883 his herd has grown to 137 in 1888, and besides the twenty-three cross-breeds which he has, he believes that he has about one hundred domestic cows in calf to buffalo bulls.
1885 CJ Jones KS April -May NM/TX +’7hd Roped 11 cfs – Killed a Bull-seen two herds of 300, 20 (story repeated at Carbondale Pennsylvania Mar 30 1899)
1886 CJ Jones KS April- Texas – New Mexico +4hd 100 miles past Cimarron river, in neutral strip 14 calves caught, only 4 survived 5 grown were killed 3B/2C Only four were saved, all over six month old dying quickly.
1887 CJ Jones KS May -west of Kansas-No Mans Land 4yrl/’+7cfs In the pasture at Jones has eleven buffalo calves. Four of these are yearlings, the other seven are the calves of this year’s hunt. -caught 14 calves
1888 CJ Jones KS February 21st Herd 35hd American bison to the number of thirty-five head are located on a ranch belonging to Mr. C. J. Jones, near Garden City, Finney county. He has, as said, thirty-five head, of which 25 are yearlings-math doesn’t add up
1888 CJ Jones KS February -1hd NY-While there he sold one of his older buffalo bulls for $2,500
1888 CJ Jones KS To Austin Corbin -6hd He sold to Mr. Austin Corbin, of this city, six head of buffalo, three bulls and three heifers. These are a part of Mr. Jones’ herd of tame buffalo, and were captured by him as calves down in the Indian Nation and Texas.
1888 CJ Jones KS Spring -Gathered in Texas +32hd and caught thirty-seven calves, saving thirty-two. I staked out two of them on the prairie one dark night, and had the misfortune to have them devoured by wolves.
1888 CJ Jones KS Gordon Pawnee Bill Lillie -3hd For Wild West Show -young stock
1888 CJ Jones(Dick Williams) KS Texas – April 0hd Neutral Strip and Panhandle country, during this trip they found 20 cows in an attempt to drive 11back, killed them .
1888 CJ Jones KS June 7 1888 40hd Told another reporter (June 1888 he had 40 head and quite a herd of crosses
1888 CJ Jones KS Crosses born at ranch, published Nov 14, 1888 16 X’s 18 crosses were born and 16 lived-Galloway
1888 CJ Jones KS Several killed in transport-Fall +83hd S Bedson (sold out) -35 pure females, 23 pure males, 3 females cross and 5 cross males, as well as 17 calves. $28,000
1888 CJ Jones KS December 130-150est 127 full-bloods, about half bulls and half cows, 23, ranging 1/2 blood, 3/4ths, 7/8 ths & 15/16ths/slaughtered one steer 3/4th buffalo. 3 years Nov 29th-Jones now has in herd about 133 all that are left
1888 CJ Jones KS 3/4 buffalo steer for meat -1 I have only slaughtered one steer three-fourths buffalo. 3 years old. He dressed 1,280 pounds. I sold the meat for 18 cents per pound and the robe for 75, undressed
1889 CJ Jones KS January 2yo bull -1 Mr. Jones got $500 for 2-year-old buffalo bull.
1889 CJ Jones KS January Bedson herd -6hd 2-year-old buffalo bull sold for $500.00 -No less than six of the buffaloes taken from here by Buffalo Jones were killed before St. Paul was reached. The animals fought in the cars all the way down, and in addition to the six killed,- one was so seriously injured that it may die.
1889 CJ Jones KS January Lynch & Glassman -36hd “Buffalo Jones” is taking to Garfield Beach, Salt Lake, thirty-six head of buffaloes, lately purchased of George Benson
1889 CJ Jones KS March to July +7cfs Only seven calves could be found. These were captured and saved. “We lassoed 22 cows, hobbled them and started home, but it was simply time lost, as all of them went mad and died.” Only three got away from us. They were killed the following winter.
1889 CJ Jones KS Loaned out 31hd for a new Wild West Show -31hd Loaned-They have taken them to Chicago for exhibition and will take them to London and Paris, Among the attractions will be Miss Hattie Carter, an expert horsewoman, who can but ride and out lasso any cow boy on the plains.
1889 CJ Jones KS April 1889 134est Previous to his purchase of the Bedson herd he owned thirty-three cows and twenty-four bulls, which he had purchased in the Texas Panhandle 57hd
1889 CJ Jones KS May 9 1889 sold two from Bedson herd -2hd Riverside Ranch, North Dakota Bull and Cow (Bedson Herd)
1889 CJ Jones KS A few head –June -3hd? A New York firm that has a few buffalo has purchased two heifers for breeding purposes and they will be forwarded to that city once.
1889 CJ Jones KS 3,100 lb bull Cross -1hdX Some idea of the tremendous weight of these animals is obtained from the statement that one bull which unfortunately died lately weighed 3,100 pounds. -K.C. Globe.
1889 CJ Jones KS 31est on loan to New Wild West Show +27hd Left the first part of February -reported returned in April 11th minus 4 head that died
1889 CJ Jones KS Herd count May 1st 135est Fifty full bloods and 10 half breeds-plus the Bedson herd he said maybe 75hd of them. (some cows are bred-calves coming)
1889 CJ Jones KS Nov -12 Sold to Austin Corbin Six buffaloes were shipped to Fargo on Saturday and six more were shipped to the same place yesterday (Bedson)
1889 CJ Jones KS Dec Lynch & Glassman -Utah November -40hd/36hd? “Forty head of Buffalo cattle spent Sunday at the South Omaha . stock yards.” They came from Stony Mountain, Man. and are en route for Garfield Beach, Salt Lake Hd Cnt not conclusive
1889 CJ Jones KS November +21cf/1Xcf Mr. Jones says the herd now in the States was increased Iast spring by twenty-one thoroughbred and four cross-bred calves. A number of the cross-bred calves died on account of Inattention.
1889 CJ Jones KS December- Bedson herd -2hd Several of the herd were maimed, owing to the trouble in lassoing, and a cow and a bull died at Minneapolis from the effects of their capture
1890 CJ Jones KS January -1hd Bull for meat .50cents a pound
1890 CJ Jones KS March -2 Jones sold two of his buffalo calves the other day for $500 a piece
1890 CJ Jones KS May 30-40 from Manitoba the rest Texas Pan Handle 92hd Mr. Jones remarked that he owned one-half of all the buffalo in the United States and nobody owns the rest. “There’s perhaps 175 or 200 buffalo yet in this country,” he said, “and I own ninety-two of them. 30 of them calves, which I Intend crossing with the ordinary cattle
1891 CJ Jones KS SF Calif. Zoo Bull February -1hd Bull sold to zoo That one calf brought me $800, and is now in the Golden Gate park in San Francisco (caught in 1888) -new calf at zoo from bull in 1896
1891 CJ Jones KS Feb _Garden City herd hd? Buffalo Jones herd of buffaloes at Garden City were sold at sheriffs sale last week to satisfy a mortgage of $8,000 held against them.
1891 CJ Jones KS Buffalo Bill Cody May +6hd Some time since Buffalo Bill bought six buffaloes from Buffalo Jones for his Wild West Show last week the buffaloes were replevined in Omaha by Mr Jones not having been paid for and on Wednesday morning were unloaded at the stock yards here.
1891 CJ Jones NE Herd Moved May Buffalo Jones has removed h herd, of sixty buffalo from Garden City, Kan., to Culbertson, where they will hereafter be kept ‘This is the only herd of any size in the world of these animals.
1891 CJ Jones NE 5 pairs October – Bedson herd -10hd C.J. Leland Liverpool accompanied by Boor. Hagerston castle, in Northumberland
1891 CJ Jones NE Russia -2hd St. Petersburg to the Imperial Park
1892 CJ Jones NE Jan +6hd Buffalo Jones has purchased six buffalo belonging to the estate of the late Gus Cole near Oxford. They will be added to his herd near McCook. G. H. Cole, was killed by one of the vicious animals
1892 CJ Jones NE Pawnee Bill January -12hd Pawnee Bill has purchased six head of buffalo from Buffalo Jones-8 Cows and 4 Bulls
1892 CJ Jones NE Herd Increase-April 65/20hd 5 New calves born-He has about 65 head of full bloods and 15 or 20 grades
1892 CJ Jones NE May-Halcyon Heights/ Benson and Halcyon Heights Motor line Held Up In Court’-65hd The herd consists of forty-two full blood buffalo with calves and sixteen half bloods. This deal is frozen by the courts for a debt in Garden City. Merrimack River Saving bank (judgment or $48,341.32 KS Hotel deal)
1892 CJ Jones NE Austin Corbin -December -10 Five year olds -10hd “Buffalo” Jones, delivered ten fine buffaloes to Austin Corbin Originally from Texas Plains
1892 CJ Jones NE Cow -1hd It appears further that Eames is a bit of an experimenter that early in the winter he bought a buffalo cow from “Buffalo” Jones
1893 CJ Jones OK Pablo -Allard – July to Oct -46hd Buffalo Jones” herd which are being shipped from Nebraska and which were lately purchased by Mr. Allard for the enormous sum of $28,000. This herd numbers 46 animals, are thoroughbred in every particular – 1896 he says it was 50 pure and 25 catalo
1893 CJ Jones OK Bull From Colorado to Newport Ohio Zoo -1hd But last year “Buffalo” Jones, a buffalo farmer near Omaha, brought a second installment to Newport, and then began the rivalry which ended in the big fellow’s demise.
1894 CJ Jones OK Herd Count January 10hd Buffalo Jones who has ten buffalo left as his total assets, and a few others of that ilk in the directory, the road cannot help but be a glittering success. (Railroad project)
1895 CJ Jones OK December -2hd He shipped ten deer and two buffalo (To Kill) to Kansas City yesterday and will receive a large price for them
1896 CJ Jones OK July 0hd Told reporter he sold out to Pablo Allard about 50 head and 25 cattalo, he says. But reports are still being made about his team of buffalo he drives.
1897/98 CJ Jones OK Texas Buffalo Jones showed up to buy a couple calves to train to a sled for exhibition
1899 CJ Jones OK Sept – Goodnight to Bronx +7hd Four of them are bulls, two are cows, and there is one yearling
1899 CJ Jones OK Bill Wright Estate October +2hd bought the fine buffalo belonging to the Bill Wright estate at $200 each He shipped the animals to Goodnight Tex where he will reship three of those purchased here and nine others bought from Goodnight and deliver them at New York City for shipment to Hamburg Germany. They are to be placed in a park there.
1899 CJ Jones OK Oct NY Zoological Park -7hd He took seven buffalo by freight to New York. They came from Woodward, Oklahoma, and Goodnight, Texas. The price was $500 for each animal, besides the money for transportation.
1899 CJ Jones OK Oct Hamburg Germany -2hd Ship to Hamburg, Germany, for Hagenbeck. They are to be placed in a park there. Goodnight Buffalo
1901 CJ Jones OK April – Circus Co.- MI hd? The others were sold to a show company at Grand Rapids.
1901 CJ Jones OK Goodnight -April National Park at Washington, D. C hd? Goodnight Herd Some of the buffaloes were sold to the government and placed in the National Park at Washington, D. C. SAME AS THE SEVEN HEAD SHIPPED IN 1889?
1902 CJ Jones OK Game Warden of YNP CJ Jones appointed Warden of YNP July 10,1902 pays $1,800 a year
1903 CJ Jones OK Two head from Goodnight -2hd Jones took two bison to Sherman Texas where they came down with Texas fever and died.
1908 CJ Jones AZ ABS 15/66Xs ABS
1884 Pablo- Allard MT Walking Coyote 12/14hd Start of herd
1887 Pablo Allard MT Herd Increase 15hd Great Falls Triune-started with two bull and two hfr cfs.
1888 Pablo-Allard MT Herd Increase 35hd pure 7 calves, 6 yearlings, 6 two year olds, 4 cows and two bulls that are 14 years old
1891 Pablo – Allard MT Herd Increase abt50hd Missoula Weekly Gazette
1893 Pablo- Allard MT CJ Jones Herd of 44-46hd Prior to this 64/16hd 95/31hd The herd had been depleted by ill-health, they were infested with Texas cattle lice, to just 26 pure-bred and 18 hybrid animals. Jones’ need to sell was forced upon him when he became heavy-indebted during the financial panic of 1893 (46hd @ 38k? 31 full & 15 half blood)
1893 Pablo –Allard MT Two year olds -15hd In fact he has already disposed of 15 two year-old calves to parties in England at $1,000 per head and which will be shipped to the old country early next spring.
1895/96 Pablo – Allard MT William Finley, Montana +25/30hd Sold his herd to P-A
1896 Allard Dies MT Split herd
1897 Pablo –Allard MT Smithsonian institute at Washington. -3hd Michael Pablo has sold another small band of buffalo from the Allard herd, this consignment being destined for the Smithsonian institute at Washington. (Bull and two cows) $500each
1897 Allard MT Eaton to Pittsburgh -2hd Howard Eaton who passed through here Saturday night with the two buffaloes obtained from the Allard herd on the Flathead headed to Pittsburgh
1897 Allard MT Hiram B. Adams to New York -40hd Mr. Adams, the purchaser, is taking this band to New York state, where he has contracted for their sale to zoological gardens and private parks. The other 32 will be distributed in different parts of the east as well as a car load of elk he has purchased between Butte and Pocatello, Idaho.
1898 Pablo MT 320hd No roundup was made until 1898, when there were found to be 320 all told.
1898 Pablo MT 1hd Cow One cow to Prospect Park (Cow received from Indian Res.)
1900 Pablo MT October (Allard herd) 259hd
1901 Allard herd probate settled.
1901 Pablo Allard MT Herd Increase +65cfs In 1901, 65 calves were added to the herd. About half of the cows are said to have calves each year.
1901 Allard MT October 4 Pair Hansen & Burgess -8hd By taking advantage of Al – lard’s knowledge of the buffalo, they managed to gain a good view at close range, and bargained with him for four cows and four calves, which were to be delivered at the railway station at Salish.
1901 Allard MT Iowa Feb 1902 -6hd Six cows were sold to a party in Iowa Hornaday February 13 1902
1901 Allard MT Tacoma, Washington -8hd Tacoma, Washington to be butchered-Bulls
1902 Pablo Allard MT Herd Split 330-70Xs During the past year, there have been sold nearly 100 animals. In the years past others have been sold, but the number is not determined. AAB Allard
1902 Allard MT Howard Eaton -Bulls for Taxidermist -6hd Howard Eaton of Medora. N. D.. accompanied by F. B. Tolhurst, the taxidermist returned this week from the Flathead country, where they were successful in securing six fine specimens of bull buffalo from the Allard herd -Two sent to John Rowley -Taxidermist
1902 Mrs Allard MT C. E. Conrad 27hd -27hd Conrad herd
1902 Pablo Allard MT Between 40 and 50 are said to have been sold to a company, the majority to stay on the reservation, the others to be used in the show business. Several were sold to Iowa parties.
1902 Allard MT Burgess & Hanson-Luana, Iowa -15hd Burgess & Hanson, We will follow the course of Merrs. Pablo and Allard and let the buffalo roam, feed and increase undisturbed. AAB Allard
1903 Pablo MT Herd Increase 330/70hd 330 pure bloods and 70 mixed-news article
1904 Pablo MT Count Ernest Bernstroff -2hd sold him two buffalo from his bunch on the reservation (to hunt) Howard Eaton
1907 Pablo –Allard MT Reports of over a 1,000 head being sold off this ranch in its life time -708hd Seven hundred and eight buffalo were shipped to Canada, mostly to Elk Island National Park, Alberta. Others were sent to Banff- Howard Douglas and Norman Luxton
1908 Pablo MT January ABS 289hd 106 Bulls 134 Cows 49 Calves
1908 Charles Allard MT January ABS /40Xs About 40 crosses
1889 Col Davis CJ Jones Nov 3hd Three buffaloes have been purchased by Col. Davis to whom some reference appeared yesterday in this paper.
1890 Col O V Davis ID Austin Corbin Mr. Davis has shipped over nine car loads of moose and elk and two car loads of buffalo to this reservation, an enclosure of 10,000 acres, filled with moose, deer and buffalo gathered from the vicinity of the Rocky mountains. (Austin Corbin)
1899 Hanson & Burgess IA Luna Iowa 3hd Where did they get these animals?
1901 Hanson & Burgess IA 4 Pair from Allard Oct 8hd 4 Cows and 4 calves from Allard
1902 Hanson & Burgess IA Herd Increase-March 11hd 8 full blood females, 2 bulls, 1 cross cow
1904 Hanson & Burgess IA Herd Increase 20hd Mark Sullivan census taker
1905 Hanson & Burgess IA Kansas- Herd Dispersal -20hd Purchased 20hd by Rockefeller $3,185
1891 C. E. Lelander IA 5 pairs October- Bedson herd +10hd C J Jones to Bancroft Iowa
1902 C. E. Lelander IA Herd Increase 10hd US Gov. 10 Full-blood + 2 Angus Cross cows, bred to bison
1904 C. E. Lelander IA Dec 10hd Mark Sullivan census taker
1906 C. E. Lelander IA Herd Increase 18hd ABS Census Bulls ‘Old Shag’, ‘Joe Allard’ and ‘Buffin’
1907 C. E. Lelander IA Herd Increase 14hd
1895 Howard Eaton Bad Lands SD Schenley Park in the fall -1hd Buffalo Bull-The lot will include a fine buffalo bull, a lot of antelope, several deer, a large lynx, and several magnificent swans.
1897 Howard Eaton SD Pittsburgh -2hd Howard Eaton recaptured his two buffalo on Tuesday in the Bad Lands. This enabled Mr. Eaton to complete his car of buffalo and elk. _Allard Herd
0000 Howard Eaton SD “When I afterward purchased the Allard interests there were about 400 in the herd, and I secured four-fifths of the Allard holdings. I have been gradually selling them off and by spring I expect to have disposed of nearly all of these.”
1903 Howard Eaton SD August 3rd report -3hd “The City of Winnipeg boasted a second small herd at River Park. These animals had formed part of the Pablo-Allard herd and had been purchased first by Howard Eaton and then by the Winnipeg Street Railway Company. It seems that they were later transferred from River Park to Assiniboine Park.”
1902 Howard Eaton SD Bulls – Goodnight Herd? -2hd Two bulls were shipped to Texas- Jul 1903 Others will be shipped to Mr. Eaton’s herd in Dakota, and still others to Texas, where there is a herd, the idea being to infuse new blood into those herds
1902 Howard Eaton SD Yellowstone 18 Cows and 2 Bulls -20hd Howard Eaton -handled the sale from Allard herd 2 Bulls and 18 cows ($ 10,000?) ABS 18 cows, I suspect the 2 bulls went another direction, Texas_Goodnight?
1902 Howard Eaton SD Carload to Ft Wayne Ind. May Brookside farm -John H Bass- May 4hd Took a car load of buffalo to Philadelphia & Fort Wayne, Ind., recently. One bull and 4 cows. Brookside Farm 4hd, prob.3 cows and one bull
1902 Howard Eaton SD Philadelphia – May 1hd Cow from May 6th load of 6 animals
1902 Howard Eaton SD Lincoln Park, Chicago-May -1hd Bull to zoo, Lincoln Park, Chicago
1903 Howard Eaton SD August 3hd -Allard Herd to River Park Can. -3hd One bull and two cows comprise the trio, and all are fine. River Park Canada
1902 Howard Eaton SD March George Miller of Ranch 101 in Ponca Reservation has gone to Chicago, where he will make deal for thirty head of Buffalo for the ranch. The animals are part of a Montana herd and will be shipped to the ranch in a week. Several head of the animals will be slaughtered .
1903 Howard Eaton SD Est 1903 +65hd Allard daughters herd. . The three daughters retained their interest until last spring. Then 27 had increased to 65, and were then sold to a man of the name of Eaton, at $255 each, on the range
1904 Howard Eaton SD Count Ernest Bernstroff Dec. -2hd sold him two buffalo from his bunch on the reservation (to hunt) Howard Eaton
1904 Howard Eaton WY Tacoma Washington –June -2hd/40hd Chutes Management bought a pair from Eaton – to be shipped aft June – His herd are running with that of Michael Pablo, of the Flathead reservation
1904 Howard Eaton WY +1hd Male from the Smithsonian herd
1904 Howard Eaton WY January (1st week) -5hd delivered to Denver City Park-
1904 Howard Eaton WY January -end of month -2hd delivered to Los Angeles -He had a herd of 10 buffalos that he secured there and which he was taking south. Part of the animals were for California and the remainder for zoological gardens in the east.
1904 Howard Eaton WY January-end of month -3hd delivered to San Francisco -He had a herd of 10 buffalos that he secured there and which he was taking south. Part of the animals were for California and the remainder for zoological gardens in the east.
1905 Howard Eaton WY January -3hd Golden Gate Park Bull and two cows from Howard Eaton -Pablo Herd all 2yo’s
1905 Howard Eaton WY Pittsburg Pa. May -2hd Preparations are being made at the zoo for the two buffaloes which will be received from Howard Eaton’s ranch. This will increase Father Pitt’s herd to five.
1907 Howard Eaton WY Fejervary Park Iowa –March -1hd fine specimen big buffalo to replace one that was killed several weeks ago.
1908 Howard Eaton WY January ABS 10hd 5 males, 5 females (ABS)
1888 Austin Corbin NH February -CJ Jones +6hd 3 bulls and 3 heifers $500 each from the gather in Texas
1889 Austin Corbin NH CJ Jones Nov/Dec +12hd 6 bulls 6 heifers 1888 herd and more in 89? ($13,000 Carload Jan 1890) Bedson animals
1890 Austin Corbin NH January 17hd sixteen buffalo and a three-months-old calf- AAB
1890 Austin Corbin NH October 21hd Col. O.V. Davis “Corbin has twenty-one head” “Has shipped two car loads of buffalo in the past to Corbin-gathered from the vicinity of the Rocky Mountains”
1890 Austin Corbin NH March 25hd Sun Journal Lewiston Maine March 2
1892 Austin Corbin NH CJ Jones December +10hd/22hd Two bulls and eight cows- ten 5-year-olds which he had caught himself on the Staked Plains In the northwestern part of Texas
1892 Austin Corbin NH January 1893 +11calves Eleven calves were born during the year just closed.
1894 Austin Corbin NH Increased February 40 head 10 bulls and 30 cows by June numbers told over 50
1894 Austin Corbin NH Bull -1hd Cleveland (bull) died, killed in a fight and broke his neck. Placed on the range less than a year ago.
1896 Austin Corbin NH NY Van Cortland park (loan) -30hd/45hd November 1896-given to the city of New York and placed in Van Cortland park. Austin died in this year and since then numbers have been sold and donated to various parks and individuals throughout the country and some to Europe. He later wanted them back because of their sad care given the herd. (later -all died)
1897 Austin Corbin NH Herd Increase-August 82hd Forest & Stream
1900 Austin Corbin NH Herd Increase-May 98 Freehold Transcript/Montreal River Miner
1902 Austin Corbin NH Boston Sportsmen’s exhibition –January -2hd The bull and cow bison which will be shipped from the Austin Corbin game preserve in New Hampshire for the Sportsmen’s exhibition -loaned or donated?
1902 Austin Corbin NH February 14th 110hd George Edgell-part owner (1901 had a bad calf season)
1903 Austin Corbin NH Herd Increase 173hd Estimate given
1904 Austin Corbin NH National Zoological Park D.C. -3hd/160 ABS
1908 Austin Corbin NH Mt Nat’l Bison Reserve -3hd/156hd herd 65 bulls and 71 cows. 3 bison donated to start the Montana National Bison Reserve (150 ABS) 20 calves
1910 Austin Corbin NH 106hd Bulls 36 and the cows to 70
1912 Austin Corbin NH 86hd 41 Bulls and 45 cows,
1914 Austin Corbin NH 69hd 41 Bulls and only 28 cows, making a total of 69 head, of which 13 were calves
1914 Austin Corbin NH Wind Cave -5hd Blue Mountain Forest Association offers a gift of 5 bison to the American Bison Society, for stocking the Wind Cave Preserve
1917 Austin Corbin NH Pisgah National Forest -6hd 6 buffalo, 3bulls and 3 cows to start Pisgah National Forest and Game Preserve in N.C.
1930 Austin Corbin NH 1930-1946 last bison killed to avoid spread of Bangs
1902 J. H. Bass Brookside Farm IN Bass Foundry & Machine Co 2hd has just two bulls, his one/only cow died months ago, all her calves were males Feb. 18th
1902 J. H. Bass IN Ft Wayne-Howard Eaton 4hd H Eaton – Bass wanted to start a zoo. Three cows and a bull.
1882 Frederick Dupree SD Grand River +4hd wild Captured five wild calves about 100 miles west of Fort Bennett – 2 died after 2 months
1885 Frederick Dupree SD -1hd/3hd wild Killed by an Indian
1888 Frederick Dupree SD No sales from this herd 9/7 mixed 9 Pure -4 adult cows and 2 adult bulls 3cfs and Mixed are Six are half-breeds and one a quarter-breed buffalo
1891 Frederick Dupree SD Mr Gordon –July -1hd Bull he captured alive and took home to De Moines, it died by Oct -Old Bull $1,000
1887 D F. Carlin SD married Dupree daughter, Marcella in 1887 -4hd For wedding and 30 beeves
1887 D F. Carlin SD married Dupree daughter, Marcella in 1887 -4hd For wedding and 30 beeves
1892 Frederick Dupree SD 60 head It has been claimed that Fred Dupree on the Cheyenne river. South Dakota, had the largest herd in the world
1894 D F. Carlin SD Herd Increase +7hd Calves Born
1894 Frederick Dupree SD Herd Increase 40hd Gov grants him permission to fence in his pure herd
1895 Frederick Dupree SD 30hd Full Blood
1897 Frederick Dupree SD Leslie, SD 30/50 30hd of Full blood and 50 head of mixed (doesn’t count new calf crop) (F&S)
1898 Frederick Dupree SD FD Died – Herd Increase 83hd
1898 Frederick Dupree SD Fred Dupree died
1899 D F. Carlin SD Killed several for steaks for Chicago Market
1899 Pete Dupree SD Herd Increase & For Sale 40hd/130Xs He says his herd now consists of forty full bloods; one hundred half breeds, and thirty-three quarters bloods
1899 Dupree Bros SD Herd Increase & For Sale He desires to sell all his mixed-bloods, and all the full bloods except two bulls and ten cows, which will give him a sufficient bunch to raise another herd
1900 Dupree Bros SD Transport Heavy shipments of cattle were being made here yesterday. The shippers are Dupree Bros., who are sending to Sioux City several buffalo out of their Cheyenne River herd.
1900 Dupree Bros SD Herd of Full bloods abt45hd The largest herd of Buffalo in the world, so says the Sioux Stock Journal of Pierre, is to be sold as a portion of the Dupree estate, but the grandeur of each term is lessened considerably by finding that the herd includes only forty-five head
1901 Pete Dupree SD Scotty Phillip 57/+crosses 83hd in all Purchased the herd after the son died. 57 were gathered, but there were stragglers still showing up. Renegades were gathered and heads sold- meat given to the ranchers. Crosses were sold for meat.
1907 Dupree SD Hunt Wild Stragglers -2hd The first hunt is now on and the next one is planned for a month from now. Only two buffalos are to be killed during each hunt. Still 6hd roaming at large.
1879 Colonel Stanton KS Bismarck Grove 3hd Purchased a buffalo bull calf for $8 and later two heifers for $25, descendants of these three buffaloes now found at Bismarck Grove. “Cleveland” is decidedly the pride of the herd
1880 Colonel Stanton KS Bullfight
1885 Colonel Stanton KS Vicious Bull -1hd A large bull belonging to this herd grew so vicious and dangerous that it was necessary to kill him.
1888 Colonel Stanton KS Bismarck Grove -7hd/10hd 2 fine bull calves, 2 heifers, 5 cows and a bull, six years old. (Cleveland) There was 17 at one time, 6 died and 1 was given away.
1889 Colonel Stanton KS Bull from Jonas Davis KS +1hd Saturday he bought a two-year-old buffalo bull of Jonas Davis, who lives near Minneapolis this state. Col. Stanton has a herd of twenty of these animals
1889 Colonel Stanton KS Bismarck Grove – Sept 15hd Bismarck Grove, Colo. Numbering fifteen and owned by Col. H.H. Stanton of Kansas City. They are not for sale at any price
1891 Colonel Stanton KS herd 12hd 7 cows, 3 calves and 2 bulls
1897Colonel Stanton KS Died By Spring 1899 the herd was moved to Denver City Park
1900 Conrad Herd MT October 20hd
1902 Conrad Herd MT Pablo-30hd in a pen on hold for Conrad Feb 17th +27hd Pablo-Allard descendants, bought from Mrs Allard share in 1902 ” I have placed the forty-seven buffaloes I bought from Mrs. Allard in a 200-acre field one mile from Kalispell.”
1902 Conrad Herd MT C.E. Conrad dies this year 38hd (March 18th of 1902 reports 8 Bulls 17 Cows 4 2yo hfs 9 calves)
1908 Conrad Herd MT January ABS 104hd Jan 1 1908 the Conrad herd contained 80 head grown of bison. Thirty bulls and fifty cows, plus twenty-four calves born in 1907.
1908 Conrad Herd MT Herd Increase +18cfs/92 All the animals, numbering ninety-two head, including eighteen calves of 1908, were in good condition
1909 Conrad Herd MT (1 head from C Goodnight) -36hd/56hd National Bison Range-250.00 head Thirty-four buffaloes of various ages were contracted for, 12 of which were males and the rest females. In addition, there was the gift of two buffaloes from the Conrad estate.
1909 Conrad Herd MT Goodnight 2 Bulls I died at Conrads 1hd Charles Goodnight of Texas forwarded his gift pair of young buffaloes to the Conrad estate at Kalispell, herd be kept there pending erection of the fence at the bison preserve. The male buffalo died, and the female was shipped with the Conrad herd to Ravalli.
1909 Conrad Herd MT Montana Bison Range 12 males 22 females -34hd Bought by ABS for Flathead Reservation. $275.00 per head was paid (Montana National Bison Range)
1897 Moosehead Ranch WY William C. Whitney -13hd
1897 Moosehead Ranch WY A. B. Adams/H K Glidden Owner/Manager 248hd (mi print?) This ranch company possesses the second large herd of American bison in existence. The herd numbers 248 head. It is commonly supposed that the buffalo is extinct but H K Glidden who attends the shipment of elk says that there is a herd at Missoula Mont. which outnumbers the one controlled by the Moosehead ranch
1897 Moosehead Ranch WY A. B. Adams-Owner died bef 1898 What happened to their bison herd?
1897 William C. Whitney NY Moosehead Ranch-Adams Brothers 13hd One of the buffalo was a perfect specimen and is said to be the largest buffalo to be found in the United States. He weighs over 2500 pounds -“Mc Kinley” 6-year-old
1898 William C. Whitney NY Herd Increase +1hd new bull calf
1899 William C. Whitney NY There are nine cows and four bulls. Two have been born here and seem to thrive.
1900 William C. Whitney NY Hornaday NY Bronx Zoo -2hd Some of the animals on Whitney’s game preserve were captured and sold to private owners, while other animals were sent to zoos and game preserves. McKinley to Bronx Zoo
1900 William C. Whitney NY October 10 17hd
1901 William C. Whitney NY Herd Increase-One bull died -1hd
1901William C. Whitney NY Herd Increase +2 calves One big bull died-two calves born (Feb 1902-26 fullblood 9 from original herd, rest born here)10 Males 16 female
1902 William C. Whitney NY October 32hd Over the year, three have died, two of these being members of the original herd and one a little calf. Six new calves this year.
1902 William C. Whitney NY Germany -4hd Mr Hagenbeck Germany (animal dealer)
1903 William C. Whitney NY NY Zoological Society 26hd END Wm. C. ‘Whitney, on October mountain, near Lennox, Massachusetts, has been discontinued, and its herd of buffalo disposed of to Germany. Twentv-six were presented to the New York Zoological society, and these with the two bulls earily, “Cleveland” and “McKinley,” previously constitute what hereafter will be known at Bronx park as the “Whitney herd.”
1902 Carlton D Richardson MA (Lenox, Mass) West Brookfield 1hd Five year old cow full blood (Negotiating with Page Wire to buy more)
1902 Carlton D Richardson MA February 13 2hd Hornaday
1902 Miller Bros OK March George Miller of Ranch 101 in Ponca Reservation has gone to Chicago, where he will make deal for thirty head of Buffalo for the ranch. The animals are part of a Montana herd and will be shipped to the ranch in a week. Several head of the animals will be slaughtered .
1903 Miller Bros OK July 35hd thirty-five buffalo in addition; they are crossing the buffalo with Galloway cattle
1904 Miller Bros OK Fall __hd? “Mr. Joseph Miller, President of the 101 Ranch at Bliss, bought
a herd of buffalo in the fall of 1904.”
1905 Miller Bros OK January -3hd Has a small herd purchased from Goodnight, trying to break two for driving, sent out two ropers and within minutes two buffalo were dead. Another was roped and two were fastened by their heads to the corral. Miller said he would have a driving team if it cost him every buffalo he had.
1905 Miller Bros OK March 21hd At Louis Dispatch March 2nd Ranch Numbers
1905 Miller Bros OK April Three died in route 32hd George Miller has gone to Missoula where he will purchase two car loads of buffalos for the ranch. A few will be killed for a hunt, cost is $500 each 35head -3hd who died. 25 will be killed for the show.
1905 Miller Bros OK May 19 Since the arrival of the herd of buffalo at the “101” ranch recently from Montana, four young calves have been born and all died. The baby buffalo born at Argentine, Kansas enroute to Oklahoma, is alive and thriving.
1908 Miller Bros OK January ABS 36hd/1X
1925 Mr. Leonard (Scotty herd) has only recently sold several hundred head to the Miller brothers of the 101 Ranch, near Ponca City, and is here in conference with the Millers in regard to additional shipments. Some of these are to go to the ranch at Cimarron, N. M of Waite Phillips, and brother Frank, the Oklahoma oil magnate. Another shipment went to the William Randolph Hearst ranch at San Luis Obispo, Calif.
1879 Pawnee Bill OK He helped the Pawnee captured 4 young buffalo, decided he wanted a herd. (Old Casey Herd)
____Pawnee Bill OK “He would not grow accustomed to the barbed wire fences, he would sulk and neglect his food and die.” Pawnee Bill would then roam the plains for more to add to his herd.
1892 Pawnee Bill OK CJ Jones +6hd/12hd Pawnee Bill has purchased six head of buffalo from Buffalo Jones- Herd 8 Cows and 4 Bulls
1902 Pawnee Bill OK March 13 30hd 4 Full blood for show 26hd in herd -GW Lillie
1903 Pawnee Bill OK July 15hd “Pawnee” Bill has about fifteen at his ranch at Pawnee, Ok.
1904 Pawnee Bill OK Dec 28hd Mark Sullivan census taker
1905 Pawnee Bill OK Through Texas -2hd two died while showing through Texas, he thinks Tx fever ticks
1908 Pawnee Bill OK January ABS 19/33hd Xs
1922 Pawnee Bill OK 200+ Illustrated World
1882/83 Finley MT 2 bull cfs and 4 heifers 5hd Gathered east of the Continental Divide- Sun River Country
1895/96 Finley MT Herd Increase 25/30 Sold to Pablo-Allard $1600 ? Head cnt compared to funds paid
1889 Hon. Ed Hewins KS Cedarville February Young buffalo through town on the way to Hewins
1895 Hon. Ed Hewins KS Moved to Woodward –December 0hd left He shipped eleven deer and one buffalo 2200lbs to Kansas City yesterday and will receive a large price . (meat, annual present)
1986 Hon. Ed Hewins KS July 1hd His bull killed a fawn, he at least has a bull
1901 Hon. Ed Hewins KS Smithsonian -3hd Bull, Cow and yrl Hfr – Hornaday Influence
1889 Lynch & Glassman Buffalo Park UT Full Grown -from Jones-Nov 20hd “The buffalos or a portion of them would soon be here.”
1889 Lynch & Glassman Buffalo Park UT Dec 35 – 40 head “Forty head of Buffalo cattle spent Sunday at the South Omaha stockyards.” They came from Stony Mountain, Man. and are en route for Garfield Beach, Salt Lake
1890 Lynch & Glassman Buffalo Park UT Feb 1890 Jones Some of his buffalo were captured in the Panhandle of Texas four years ago, a few were secured in Montana, he bought some recently in Manitoba, and the rest he has raised on his two ranches from original stock.
1890 Lynch & Glassman Buffalo Park UT March 1890 Jones The Utah Buffalo and Zoological Garden, of which Buffalo Jones is Manager, now own 100 head of Buffalo, 20 half-brood Buffalo, 13 Deer, 10 Elk, 12 Antelope, 9 Moose, 3 wild Ponies, captured on the plains of Mexico, 5 Bears, 2 Seals, 6 Silver Grey Foxes, and, other wild animals. Fifty-three head of these animals have already been; shipped to Garfield City.
1900 Lynch & Glassman Antelope Island UT Buffalo park as a place for even a summer residence was finally abandoned however and the animals were purchased by the Island Improvement company and taken to Antelope Island where they now are.
1902 John Dooley UT February 20 26hd/1X 13 Males, 13 Females, The cross is Male 2yo
1904 John Dooley UT Dec 30hd Mark Sullivan census taker
1908 John Dooley UT January ABS 35hd/1X
1908 Antelope Island UT Young pair -2hd National Government Reservation (Bison Range)
1908 Antelope Island UT January ABS 46 head ABS 12 bulls 23 Cows 11 calves
1901 James Scotty Phillip SD Fred Dupree herd (Pete Dupree) Agent Doug Carlin 57/+crosses Purchased the herd after the son died. Judith Wood 57 were gathered, but there were stragglers still showing up. Renegades were gathered and heads sold- meat given to the ranchers. Crosses were sold for meat.
1901 James Scotty Phillip SD Cheyenne River-Fall Roundup 83 head More renegades captured
1902 James Scotty Phillip SD February 22 61/75X’s 61 flood bloods, but has no idea how many crosses, guesses 75hd
1904 James Scotty Phillip SD January Held a buffalo hunt for the last stragglers of the Dupree herd.
1904 James Scotty Phillip SD Herd Increase 90 Mark Sullivan census taker
1904 James Scotty Phillip SD Decrease –Jan -1hd Hunt – The animal secured was one of a band of four. Gov Charles Harreid
1904 James Scotty Phillip SD Decrease- Dec -2hd Sold two for meat, dress at 700lbs Hugh Jaynes
1905 James Scotty Phillip SD Trade -3 2 cows and one bull to Elgin, Illinois for 3 Elk
1905/6 James Scotty Phillip SD Shipment to Omaha Insured buffalo in transfer for $150,000 (for the two bulls below?)
1906 James Scotty Phillip SD to Mexico for bullfight -2 Two bulls, they couldn’t get them back across the border, killed for meat.
1908 James Scotty Phillip SD January ABS 190hd/8Xs Estimate
1908 James Scotty Phillip SD 180/ 9crosses Philip buffalo herd is the largest in the country, numbering one hundred and eighty-eight head at the time of the writer’s visit.
1908 James Scotty Phillip SD Two (pair) donated to Montana Bison Range -2hd
1910 James Scotty Phillip SD December -1hd G.H. Jaynes has purchased one of the Scotty Phillip buffaloes and will supply buffalo meat for the holiday trade.
1911 James Scotty Phillip SD Andy Leonard now manager. Scotty died July 23rd 290hd
1913 James Scotty Phillip SD Herd Increase 345hd ABS
1914 James Scotty Phillip SD Herd Increase est405hd
1914James Scotty Phillip SD Custer State Park -36hd South Dakota bought thirty-six buffalo from Philip. The state wanted to start a herd. The animals were put in Custer State Park. Other people bought buffalo from Philip, too. – SD Historical Society
1916 James Scotty Phillip SD Herd Increase 600hd ABS
1925 James Scotty Phillip SD Filmed 200hd buffalo were set to be killed in the hunt, others were sent to parks & reserves etc…Mr. Leonard has only recently sold several hundred head to the Miller brothers of the 101 Ranch, near Ponca City, and is here in conference with the Millers in regard to additional shipments. Some of these are to go to the ranch at Cimarron, N. M of Waite Phillips, the Oklahoma oil magnate. (brother to Frank of Oklahoma) Another shipment went to the William Randolph Hearst ranch at San Luis Obispo, Calif.
1889 Riverside Ranch ND May 1889 purchased two from CJ Jones (Pair) +2hd From Stony Mountain Herd (Bedson) Bull and a Cow – William Couch Foreman
1889 Riverside Ranch ND Manager J.S. Green –Nov 3hd On this ranch are cattle, horses, sheep, and buffalo, which they are experimenting in breeding (Nov 29 1889)
1890 Riverside Ranch ND Lost cow & Found -1hd Lost a buffalo cow Worth $600, reward of $50. Missing for 2 weeks. She was found and in trying to capture her, she died from exhaustion.
1892 Riverside Ranch ND Feb 1892 Mr. Green, foreman of the Riverside ranch, Mandan, North Dakota, has a small herd, which includes a perfectly white animal.
1890 Senator Pettigrew SD Jan 15hd “Senator Pettigrew of South Dakota has the only herd of buffaloes now in existence. There are fifteen animals in the herd, and they are corralled on a farm about four miles from Yankton, at the end of a railroad built by him and used by the public for excursions.”
1890 Pettigrew (senator) SD 20hd Bulls Cows and Calves
1892 Pettigrew (senator) SD Jan 12 Lancaster Era Keeps them in the mountains and they have never been rounded up, he doesn’t know a head count
1892 Pettigrew (senator) SD sold herd -19hd Sold 19 to James J Hill for $9,500
1892 Pettigrew (senator) SD kept one fine bull 1hd Bull weighs 1800 pounds
1882 Dr. V. T. McGillicuddy SD Spring 2hd Cow and Bull were caught by Sioux near Black Hills
1888 Dr. V. T. McGillicuddy SD Herd Increase 4hd/1hd 4 pure buffaloes and 1 cross -Produce 3yo bull & Yrl heifer
____ Newport Ohio Newport Ohio Jones 1st installment
1893 Newport Ohio Newport Ohio Sept -CJ Jones Bull +1hd The animal was a shaggy giant, of prodigious size and unparalleled ugliness, He was brought from Colorado with twenty-three other cattle when the preserve was first opened— or closed. But last year “Buffalo” Jones, a buffalo farmer near Omaha, brought a second installment to Newport, and then began the rivalry which ended in the big fellow’s demise.
1902 Frank Rockefeller KS March-new calves 5hd One bull, Two cows, Two calves Full blood
1904 Frank Rockefeller KS Dec Also named Soldier Creek Park 3hd Mark Sullivan census taker
1905 Frank Rockefeller KS Sept. 24th 4hd The Washington Post
1905 Frank Rockefeller KS Burgess & Hanson herd 24hd Purchased H & B 20 head at Auction and drove them to Kansas
1908 Frank Rockefeller KS January ABS 35/1X ABS census (one cross)
1909 Frank Rockefeller KS November 36hd The Indianapolis Star 19th 1909
1910 Frank Rockefeller KS November 6th 45hd Kansas City Star
1910 Frank Rockefeller KS -1hd Cow sold to Wichita Zoo, the cow in 1912 @35yrs old with a calf at her side.
1911 Frank Rockefeller KS November 45hd
1912 Frank Rockefeller KS December (60head) -7hd Buffalo Hunt held at the ranch. St Louis Dispatch 29th ABS census 47hd
1913 Frank Rockefeller KS January 57hd ABS census
1913 Frank Rockefeller KS July -2hd BBQ at cattle sale
1914 Frank Rockefeller KS September 22th 52hd The Dodge City Globe
1914/15 Frank Rockefeller KS Miller Bros 101 Ranch bought some of his herd, still searching for info
1914 Frank Rockefeller KS January Traded a nice cow for their bull. Gage City Park
1914 Frank Rockefeller KS January (52 head in Sept) 52hd Several buffalo were killed for meat to purchase @Belvidere
1914 Frank Rockefeller KS Sept -1 Wichita Elks purchased 700lb buffalo for Banquet
1915 Frank Rockefeller KS On Christmas day the people of Medicine Lodge Kan expect to feast on the last buffalo of Frank Rockefeller’s herd. Passaic Daily Herald Nov 29 1915
1916 Frank Rockefeller KS January ABS not listed
1917 Frank Rockefeller KS Died April 20th With Dan Beard, he engaged in a project for the rescue of the bison. “Next to my family,” he said once. “I love animals more than anything else In the world.” Mr. Rockefeller is survived by a wife and three daughters.
1886 DelMonte Stables CA June 1886 1hd Captured 65 miles west of Jamestown-Bull
1887 DelMonte Stables CA South Dakota +1hd/2hd Cow, bought from Redbreast (one of Sitting Bulls warriors)captured during the fall of 1882 on the headwaters of the Big Cheyenne (about 8 years old)
1889 DelMonte Stables CA Herd Increase +1hd/3hd new calf born
1892 Riverside Ranch Mandan SD Mr Green Foreman Small herd and has a white bison
1888 Riverside Ranch Company SD 2hd A pair a full bloods
1886-87 Buffalo Bill 20hd/0hd Show was at Madison Square Garden, New York City, its entire herd of twenty buffaloes was carried off by pleuro – pneumonia.
1888 Buffalo Bill December wintered on General Beale’s farm, near the city of Washington. 18hd Eighteen head, of which fourteen were originally purchased of Mr. B. B. Groome, of Wichita, Kansas-Four of the members of this herd are calves which were born in 1888 in London, at the American Exposition
1897 Buffalo Bill August24hd (F&S)
1902 Buffalo Bill Fall +8hd From Charles Goodnight (two were killed during loading)
1903 Buffalo Bill April 6hd full bloods
1904 Buffalo Bill March Col. W Cody and J.A. Bailey-Deposited -12hd 7 Males and 5 females + One new male calf born. Some of these animals were years later returned, died, or remove to another home.
1905 -8hd Texas Fever Ticks left them at Guthrie
1888 John H. Starin NY Summer Resort 4hd Glen Island, NY
1897 John H Starin NY Glen Island 7/6 7 pure blood, 6 crosses
1897 John H Starin NY Glen Island He exchanged bulls with Philadelphia Zoological Garden
1900 John H Starin NY October 10 11hd
1902 John H Starin NY March 4 17/6Xs 6 Bulls, 11 cows full blood 3 Cows 3 bulls crosses
1892 James J Hill North Oaks Farm ND Bought Pettigrew herd. 19hd Purchased from Pettigrew 19 of the 20hd for $ 9,500
1902 James J Hill North Oaks Farm ND Herd Increase February 24hd 21 full blood – Three Crosses
1903 James J Hill North Oaks Farm ND President of Great Northern Railroad – Raised Cattle 18/5Xs 18 Full blood and 5 crosses
1904 James J Hill North Oaks Farm ND Herd Increase February +26hd Bismarck Daily Tribune. 29 February 1904. Bismarck ND
1904 James J Hill North Oaks Farm ND Herd Increase December 18hd Mark Sullivan census taker
1908 James J Hill North Oaks Farm ND Herd Increase December 7hd/14hd ABS 14 head of crosses
1881 B B. Groom TX Charles Goodnight -2hd Groom’s ranch on the Canadian 1 yr & 1-2yo
1885 B B. Groom TX Pampa, Texas Groom is the manager of Francklyn L & C 50hd There are about 50 head on the ranch of the Franklin Land and Cattle Company -collected from the plains
1886 B B. Groom TX drove to Dodge City 16hd 14 yearlings and two suckling calves for Old Man Groom Franklin Land and Cattle Company, located in the Texas Pan Handle. The company is an English syndicate, associated with B. B. Groom & Son, late of this locality.
1887 B B. Groom TX Herd 20hd
1887 B B. Groom TX Bill Cody -15hd/6hd Sold 15hd to Bill Cody to go to Europe 13 2yo and 2yrls
1888 B B. Groom TX Texas Panhandle -Francklyn L & C Co. There is a farm on the great ranch of the Franklin land and cattle company which reaches within a few miles of Panhandle City of 400 acres. This ranch is thirty miles square and will soon be broken up and thrown upon the market. Bought by White Deer Land Co. (Also connected to Francklyn)
1893 R.W. Rock ID Started collecting Bison and other large game from the wilds to save them from extinction.
1894 R.W. Rock ID I have sold 350 head of elk alone to zoological gardens and public and private parks in the East, as well as many other varieties of animals. (since 1894)
1900 R.W. Rock ID Herd Count 52hd Some animals sent to Eastern zoological collections & Europe
1900 R.W. Rock ID Take PO Tremont County October 4hd
1902 R.W. Rock ID 4hd/2Xs He was killed in March 1902 by one of his pet bulls. “Lindsay” At the time of his death he had only 4 buffalo and two cattalo
1902 Montebello Kennels PA February 24 –Philly 3hd Two bulls and the Cow w/ bull calf was purchased from Page Wire The larger bull came from E.S. Schmid W.DC, maybe came from NY Zoo.
1904 Montebello Kennels PA Dec Philly 4hd Mark Sullivan census taker
1902 Seattle WA February – small number Allard bison -The recent arrival of a small number of buffaloes at Seattle, destined originally to be butchered for the market, recall that the American bison is not entirely extinct, but that there has, in fact, been a progressive increase in the number in existence for some years past.
1888 Mr. B. C. Winston MN 2hd Young bull was caught by him in western Dakota in
the spring of 1886, soon after its birth. The cow was purchased at Rosseau, Dakota Territory, a year later, for $225
1888 Mr. I. P. Butler TX 1hd/1X A young bull buffalo and a half- breed calf
1888 Mr. Jesse Huston MT 1hd Five-year-old bull
1888 Mr. L. F. Gardner OR 1hd Large Adult Bull
1888 Mr. James R. Hitch Optima Indian Terr 2hd A young pair-for sale $750.00
1888 Mr. Joseph A. Hudson NE 1hd 3yo bull-for sale
1903 Ringling Bros WI 1902 also 1 head 1hd
1900 Elitche’s Gardens Denver CO October 10 2hd From Charles Goodnight Ranch-several to Colorado, among them one of the first ever caught
1903 Paul McCormick MT Start of herd +5hd Eaton sold four cows and one bull to Paul McCormick at Billings, from Pablos herd
1898 William Bartell NY 1hd Male from the Smithsonian herd, National Zoological Park
1889 Dr. Carver January 40hd Union Pacific- interest in a herd of forty which he has lately been exhibiting at Minneapolis. They were brought from the northwest possessions and are fine specimens. A number have been crossed with polled Angus cattle
1892 Blackfoot Reservation MT Jan 75hd half-breed named William, living on the Black foot reservation has about seventy-five.
1902 Jim Conough MT hd? Many of these animals are mixed breeds and it is believed the finest herd of buffaloes. They have been kept back in a canyon to which there is but one outlet, by the half-breed, Conough, for many years. He lives there alone with his buffaloes in an out-of-the-way canyon.
1902 Bell Island Park MI February 3hd One bull, One Cow, and one calf full blood
1902 Page Wire Co MI Adrian –February 6hd Two bulls, Three Cows, One Yrlg- All Full blood
1894 Mr William Weavy ND February- March 3X’s took to San Francisco three half breeds which he calls cattalo for the purpose of demonstrating the possibility and success
1883 McCoy Brothers OK 2hd Captured 2 calves on the range
1887 Hon. John Hancock TX 2 or 3hd Austin Texas
1886 W.S. Davis Pan Handle 3hd W. S. Davis is back from the Pan Handle country, where he secured three Buffalo calves and the carcasses of three others which he had killed.
1888 Watson E. Sperry KS Bismarck Grove Mr. Sperry, with another gentleman are collecting a herd at Fargo to have the distinction of having the largest herd.
1889 WHO’S R THEY Carver or Sperry? KS? January 24 1889 In response to a reference to us by the Emporia republican, we have ascertained that there are eleven buffalo in Bismarck Grove, today.
1902 Hanson Bros IA Elkader 8hd US Gov.
1902 C.E. Mallory IA Buffalo Center 1hd One male
1902 Hubers Bros WI Cochrane 9/19X’s Number of cross cows / full bloods bulls -March US Gov
1897 J. G. McNair MO St Elmo 10hd full blood- 4 Bulls and 6 cows
1897 John M Corbett Had bison
1900 Glen Island NY Herd of David J Gardner L.I. 3hd
1888 Oz DeCordovia TX Texas-June 1cf Texas Plains (found a pair and took the calf)
1902 John Sparks NV February Reno Few head-attraction -All died from anthrax except one cow, she came from Guadalupe Park, Texas
1913 Wind Cave SD Nucleus Herd 14hd 7 bulls and 7 cows from Zoological Society of NY-Blue Mountain Forest Association offers a gift of 5 bison to the American Bison Society, for stocking the Wind Cave Preserve-ABS
1914 Wind Cave SD Increase -4cfs-1 died +3hd/17hd 4 calves born 3 females and one stillborn
1915 Wind Cave SD Older bull died -1 bull died -no calves born
1916 Wind Cave SD No Increase 16hd 1915 there was a loss of one of the older bulls and no calves were born, so that on January 1916, the herd numbered 16 head, 6 bulls, and 10 cows, one less than in the previous year
1918 Wind Cave SD Herd Increase 34hd
1907 Wichita National Bison Range OK Nucleus Herd 15hd From Zoological Society of NY 6 Males and 9 Females
1908 Wichita National Bison Range OK Herd Increase +2cfs/28hd And 3 more to come
1912 Wichita National Bison Range OK Herd Increase 30 calves
1913 Wichita National Bison Range OK Herd Increase 48hd After the loss of only two head to Texas Tick Fever
1915 Wichita National Bison Range OK Herd Increase 64hd Passaic Daily Herald Nov 29 1915
1916 Wichita National Bison Range OK Herd Increase January 62hd ABS
1918 Wichita National Bison Range OK Herd increase 92hd
1919 Wichita National Bison Range OK Herd Increase 100+hd
1908 National Bison Range MT +3hd Donated from Austin Corbin Park
1908 National Bison Range MT nucleus herd 40hd 14 Males 26 Females Donations from Conrad, Dooley, Goodnight and Scotty Phillip
1909 National Bison Range MT Hornaday – October +34hd Bought from Conrad herd for $275 per head
1909 National Bison Range MT Includes 1 head from C Goodnight +1hd/37hd Conrad Herd, at Kalispell-“We have selected for this gift the finest pair we own, Kalispell Chief.’ a 9-year-old male, an animal to which we believe it would be difficult to find an equal in the world today, and as his mate, the herd leader, a vigorous, sagacious cow, having a calf each year – on which would be of greatest value to the new herd. We have depended upon her wise head and good sense in our management of the herd, and have no cow equal to her.
1910 National Bison Range MT May +10hd/47hd In May, 1910, 10 gift buffaloes arrived at the range to bring the total of the nucleus herd to 47. Hornaday says immediately after the purchase of Conrad animals a donation of 6 hd were added.
1910 National Bison Range MT (part of the ten head above?) 3hd Blue Mountain Forest Association -Austin Corbin One bull and 2 cows
1913 National Bison Range MT Herd Increase 70hd
1914 National Bison Range MT Herd Increase 97hd
1916 National Bison Range MT Herd Increase 143hd ABS
1885 Yellowstone Nat’l Park MT Grinell George Bird Grinnell, of New York, has been visiting the Yellowstone national park, and says there are only 700 buffalo left on the American continent.
1892 Yellowstone Nat’l Park MT Grinell 400hd
1900 Yellowstone Nat’l Park MT October 30hd
____ Yellowstone Nat’l Park MT 23hd Start of herd
1902 Yellowstone Nat’l Park MT July The bill providing an appropriation of $15,000 for the protection and preservation of American bison, or buffalo, is now a law. BJ Jones appointed Warden of YNP July 10, 1902 pays $1,800 a year
1902 Yellowstone Nat’l Park MT Bulls -Texas, Charles Goodnight +3hd Charles Goodnight Bulls
1902 Yellowstone Nat’l Park MT 18 Cows October –Allard +18hd Howard Eaton -handled the sale from Allard herd 2 Bulls and 18 cows ($ 10,000?)-another article says 14 cows – they were not all shipped at once, ABS 18 cows -18 Cows total and 3 Bulls- Goodnight
1903 Yellowstone Nat’l Park MT December -herd increase +7 calves Seven new calves
1904 Yellowstone Nat’l Park MT December -herd increase 40/30hd enclosed/running wild Mark Sullivan census taker
1908 Yellowstone Nat’l Park MT Deaths-1 cow and 2 bulls +2cfs after census One cow had to be killed in October due to old age. Two old bulls have been killed. One was vicious and gored a horse, the other was lame having been tangled in wire on hind leg, couldn’t save it.
1909 Yellowstone Nat’l Park MT Herd Increase 95hd +22 calves
1912 Yellowstone Nat’l Park MT Herd Increase 125hd ABS
1914 Yellowstone Nat’l Park MT January 163hd ABS
1916 Yellowstone Nat’l Park MT Herd Increase 299hd 60 wild herd and 239 imported herd ABS
1918 Yellowstone Nat’l Park MT Herd Increase 400hd
1886 National Zoological Park DC W.T. Hornaday 1hd The famous calf Sandy. Who also died as a calf, after loading up on clover.
1888 National Zoological Park DC Gift to Establish(Smithsonian) April +2hd Bull 4yo in July 1888, Cow 3yo in May of the same year captured from western Nebraska $100 for the pair. Two bison were presented by a New Yorker.
1888 National Zoological Park DC W.T. Hornaday +5hd Indian Agent on the Sioux Reservation donated five more. These formed the first U.S. National Bison Herd
1889 National Zoological Park DC Herd Increase +1hd E. G. Blackford, New York City: The National Zoological Park it the proud possessor of a young buffalo calf, the first offspring of the herd you kindly presented. Frank Baker-Manager NZP
1889 National Zoological Park DC Deposit +4hd Four bison deposited by Dr. V.T. McGillycuddy , one named Ben.
1890 National Zoological Park DC Herd Increase +1hd New female Calf
1892 National Zoological Park DC Herd Increase +2hd Spring and fall male calves
1897 National Zoological Park DC Herd Increase +4hd One new calf and 3 head purchased from M. Pablo (Hornaday plan is to have 20-25hd, both sexes of all ages, show herd)
1898 National Zoological Park DC Herd Increase +1hd New female calf
1899 National Zoological Park DC Herd Increase +1hd New male calf
1901 National Zoological Park DC April -Jones one Goodnight head +2hd This female animal is from Charles Goodnight Ranch in Texas, sold to them by CJ Jones + One new male calf born
____National Zoological Park DC Dr. Cecil French and Corbin Herd +3hd Dr. Cecil French 1 head and two from the Corbin Herd all females
1901 National Zoological Park DC July 14hd Dem & Chronicle
1901 National Zoological Park DC Hornaday sent out plea’s-animals arrived Oct 1 +8hd Goodnight 4hd 3bulls – 1 cow – Ed Hewens Bull, Cow and yrl hfr – $500 for cows $400 for bulls CJ Jones selected the animals from Goodnight and delivered them.
1901 National Zoological Park DC +5hd In this same year two calves were born and 3 adult cows arrived on a 2yr loan from David J. Gardiner
1901 National Zoological Park DC Fall-herd increase +3hd Sold to AF Gerald from Page Wire and sold to NZP Pair with 9 mon calf (Moved to Bronx Zoo? Frank Baker Feb 1902)
1902 National Zoological Park DC Herd Increase 1hd at least one calf was born (Yonkers NY)
1902 National Zoological Park DC February 13th 14hd 7 Males and 7 females-Hornaday
1903 New York Zoological Park DC Death of a cow due to disease like catarrh -1hd Loss of a cow
1904 New York Zoological Park DC Calf b. 4/24/04 -1hd Shipped in Dec 1905 Bull Calf to Buenos Aires
1905 National Zoological Park DC March Col. W Cody and J.A. Bailey-Deposited +12hd/32 hd 7 Males and 5 females + One new male calf born. Some of these animals were years later returned, died or remove to another home. (32hd reported Dec 1904)
1905 National Zoological Park DC Herd Increase +3 Three new calves born
1908 National Zoological Park DC January ABS 8hd 3 bulls 5 cows
1914 National Zoological Park DC December 42hd Before the 14hd for Wind Cave
1913 National Zoological Park DC Promised, not yet shipped -14hd Wind Cave Nat’l Game Preserve
1914 National Zoological Park DC 28hd After Wind Cave shipment
1916 National Zoological Park DC January-herd increase 21hd ABS
1918 National Zoological Park DC Herd Increase 18hd
Hornaday Director 1896 to 1926 Bronx Zoo open in 1899 -also named Zoological Park
1889 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY Sept Goodnight Texas +7hd Jones delivered 7hd from Goodnight’s 4 bulls, 2 cows, one yrl, the largest bull weighs 1800lbs
1896 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY February +2hd Cows received from Goodnight-shipment contained 3 cows, one was traded to Hagenbeck Germany
1899 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY June 20th +1hd Bull from Chicago Zoo -Turned 3 in August -Is said to be from Hornaday’s’ “Big Bismarck”
1900 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY April Herd Increase +1hd Heifer calf born-New calf born from Texas cow. First calf born in park.
1900 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY Austin Corbin and William C. Whitney March +2hd Bull- Cleveland (originally from Texas Plains @abt 5 yo) Feb 28th and McKinley in March (from Whitney’s herd)
1900 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY 1899-1900 -1hd Bismarck Bull Hornaday in 1901 made this statement when another bull was received at the park claiming to be Bismarck
1900 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY Herd Increase 11hd Census
1900 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY Herd Increase 14hd Hornaday -at least 5 bulls, two cows, calf, and half breed
1901 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY Herd increase +17hd 15hd and two calves
1901 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY Herd Increase +3hd Big Bismarck Bull originally from YNP (from Maine Merry Meeting Park) Arrived Two males and one female
1902 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY February 10 +5hd Full bloods – Francis Crandall _Curator
1902 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY February -1hd Cleveland Dies-heart degeneration 15 (Harold Baynes) yrs old, caught in Texas
1902 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY April +2hd Calves born
1903 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY William C Whitney Sept +17hd General assortment of male and female young and old. Gift of his herd Annual Report of ZS
1904 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY end of Year Count 32hd ARZS Plus the two European and pigmy buffalo? (one report says 8hd prior to WCW herd. ) In 1900 a limit was set to 25hd
1904 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY Norman James of Baltimore +2hd European Bison -Originally from the Prince of Pless
1904 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY Gift from Whitney -1hd McKinley Bull broke a leg during a fight with Black Beauty-June
1905 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY Herd Increase May +6hd Bison born- Annual Report of the Zoological Society
1905 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY Originally from Whitney herd -1hd Cow Black Beauty’s mate dies from wire in heart-Dr. Blair decided to hold an autopsy. A piece of wire three inches long was found imbedded in the sac surrounding Lady’s heart 1905 7yo
1906 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY T.G.M. Cardez of Pa +5hd One cow from Page Wire-Bill, older bigger bull Bill, 2000lbs and his son Barney-Yr old hfr and old cow.
1906 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY Herd Increase-Hornaday Annual report 34hd Annual Report 3 born in 1906, I do not know if the new calves are part of the head count, I am going to guess No. (ABS didn’t)-Euro Bison doing well-
1907 New York Zoological Park NY Wichita Game Preserve -15hd The animals were accepted in 1905, but were waiting to be shipped until fencing was made.
1907 New York Zoological Park NY +12cfs Park contains 14 cows 1907 Report 12 calves born during the year – Still have the two Euro Bison
1908 Bronx Buffalo Zoo NY January 1st 43hd 14 Bulls 19 Cows 10 calves
1914 Custer State Park SD Scotty Philip herd 36hd The start of Custer State Park bison herd.
1917 Custer State Park SD Herd Increase 50hd
1919 Custer State Park SD Herd Increase 70hd
1905-1907 Niobrara Reserve NE Nucleus Herd 6hd National Bison Society
1913 Niobrara Reserve NE Nucleus Herd 8hd 3 Males and 5 Females- Garretson ABS
1914 Niobrara Reserve NE January 10hd ABS
1916 Niobrara Reserve NE January 11hd ABS
1918Niobrara Reserve NE herd increase 18hd
1918 Sullys Hill National Park ND Nucleus Herd 6hd 2 Males 4 Females
1919 Sullys Hill National Park ND Herd Increase
1907 Fejervary Park IA Wyoming -Howard Eaton +1hd fine specimen
1908 Fejervary Park IA 9hd ABS
1888 Central Park NY 4hd four bison, an adult bull and cow, a two-year-old calf, and a yearling.
1900 Central Park NY April &’October 10 4hd A band of Indians in New York, the other day, went up to Central park to see the herd of American bison confined there. There was nothing else in the park that attracted their attention. With the young Indian the bison is a tradition.
1895 Yosemite Park CA Daily Reporter 1895 Ed Hewins-mention herds preserved in the National Park in the “Yosemite Valley and in the Gardens of the Gods.
1902 Yosemite Park CA The latest is in regard to a wild herd that it seems the government has been fostering in the Yosemite Park in California. The secretary of the interior last week asked congress for an appropriation of $30,000, for the purchase of sixty buffalo that are for sale somewhere in Montana, to add to this Yosemite collection.
1892 Prospect Park NY from Samuel Duryea, NY +1hd Young Bull
1897 Prospect Park NY Pablo Allard (Indian Res.) +1hd Cow delivered by a man from Kansas
1898 Prospect Park NY +1hd New Calf Born
1902 Prospect Park NY 2hd in herd-Hornaday
1903 Prospect Park NY William C Whitney +1hd Cow from Whitney herd dispersal. (Brooklyn)
1875 Zoological Garden OH Cincinnati +1hd First buffalo in zoo
1888 Zoological Garden OH 4hd Contains at least one adult Cow and Bull
1902 Zoological Garden OH From Howard Eaton-Bull Nov. -several weeks out +1hd7hd 7hd full blood breeding herd – Cl Williams/Sec of Zoo-Feb 11 1902 ( Presumably from the Pablo Allard herd and a calf, by the price sold.)
1904 Zoological Garden OH Herd Increase Dec 17hd Mr. Mark Sullivan- census taker
1908 Zoological Garden OH January ABS 21hd
1908 Zoological Garden OH E H Baynes herd increase 15 head 5 Males and 8 females & 2 calves
____ Golden Gate Park CA Nucleus 3hd Two males and 1 female from the State of Montana
1891 Golden Gate Park CA February +1hd Four-year-old bull born and raised in Garden City KS “Ben Harrison”
1900 Golden Gate Park CA October 10 14hd
1902 Golden Gate Park CA April herd increase 15hd
1905Golden Gate Park CA January +3hd Bull and two cows from Howard Eaton -Pablo Herd all 2yo’s
1907 Golden Gate Park CA June 14hd
1908 Golden Gate Park CA January 20hd ABS
1886 Lost Park CO Two Hunters (Cornwall & Swem) Fall -1hd Killed a cow, Swen says 7 still exist here Rabbit Ear Range area
1886 Lost Park CO Hunting Party Fall -3hd Kills three head says they seen 29 head
1892 Lost Park CO The game wardens who have been searching Lost Park for the men reported to have killed buffalo report that there no evidence that any buffalos have been slaughtered.
1893 Lost Park CO December 24hd Not long ago a small band of buffalos was found in Lost park and more recently a larger herd was found in North park under the protection of ranchmen The herd is said to consist of some two dozen of the rare animals. Their existence has been kept secret through fear of agents of taxidermists and globe-trotting hunters
1894 Lost Park CO -4hd Cow, Bull , 2-year-old and 6-month calf hides found (turned in years later) Leadville Men arrested 1901
1900 Lost Park CO October 21hd Middle and Edgeria Parks
1900 Lost Park CO October 18hd Counted in Summer
1901 Lost Park CO February -Bull 200lbs It is stated that Came Warden Johnson has granted Curator Ferril of the State Natural History Society permission to kill a lonely old buffalo in Lost Park. In order that the hide may be stuffed and preserved in the state museum. Bull reported still alive in March
1901 Lost Park CO September GENERAL MORE FUFFALOES FOUND—Game Warden Harris announces the discovery of a herd of buffaloes whose existence was heretofore unknown. He declines to give the location of their grazing ground for fear that they will be hunted. Mr. Harris is very bitter concerning the many violations of the game laws, particularly in regard to buffalo and mountain sheep, which have been killed this year, and is said to be preparing to make an example of the Leadville men who are awaiting trial for killing the Lost Park herd
1901 Lost Park CO Lost & Middle Parks- Fall 25hd Reported by David Baker of Park Co.
1901 Lost Park CO Buffalo Bull -Jones October There is a crazy bull in LP, which Jones has offered to catch for $500.00
1902 Lost Park CO March est50+ 5Hd Lost Park 2 cows, 1yrl, Old bull and young bull Rabbit Ear Range contains 40-50 head (Lost Park 8hd Cincinnati Enquirer Mar 21 1903)
1902 Lost Park CO June In some parts of Colorado you will hear of buffalo known to exist in remote mountain fastnesses, the secret of which is carefully guarded.
1903 Lost Park CO April-Bill Passed Senator Moore’s bill for a constitutional amendment providing for initiative and referendum and a bill making Lost Park the home of the few remaining buffalo in Colorado a state park.
1907 Lost Park CO (Reported in 1907) The Emperor of Germany was looked upon as a sure customer. He was said to have offered $5000 for the crazy bull of Lost Park.
1905 Pittsburgh Zoo PA Howard Eaton. May -2hd Preparations are being made at the zoo for the two buffaloes which will be received from Howard Eaton’s ranch. This will increase Father Pitt’s herd to five.
1877 Zoological Garden PA
1886 Zoological Garden PA Cow and Bull -2hd To Hon . W. F. Cody for $300
1888Zoological Garden PA Herd Increase 10hd Four are males and six females. Two are calves of 1877.
1899 Zoological Garden PA July +5cfs/20hd Zoo, all of the five young buffaloes that were born in the Garden during May are alive and flourishing, and disport themselves in their pen with as much friskiness as if they were roaming the plains of Wyoming or Colorado. Three of the calves are females, and two are males, which is another unusual thing, as there is generally an excess of males among animals born in captivity. The birth of these young bison has brought the Zoo herd up to about 20 in number, making it the largest in captivity.
1900 Zoological Garden PA October 15hd
1904 Zoological Garden PA December 9hd Mark Sullivan census taker
1905 Zoological Garden PA +1hd New calf
1908 Zoological Garden PA January ABS 9hd
1869 Lincoln Park IL Chicago 1hd Presented to the Park
1880Lincoln Park IL 2hd A pair was presented to the park
1888 Lincoln Park IL Spring 7hd One bull eight years old, one bull four years old, two cows eight years old, two cows two years old, new spring cf
1889 Lincoln Park IL January 1889 There are several also in Lincoln park, Chicago. -Lawrence Journal
1890 Lincoln Park IL Summer 1890 ?hd Exported to C .J. Leyland of Hagerstown Castle Northumberland England first member of this herd.
1895 Lincoln Park IL -7hd Exported Seven females mostly in calf Chemnitz, Saxony Germany -Looking for a full blood bull to introduce to existing herd.
1897 Lincoln Park IL ?hd Herd of bison and elk at Lincoln Park sold and sent to Germany. (The Capital City and Lancaster County, Nebraska · Volume 1 1916)
1902 Lincoln Park IL Herd increase February 13hd
1902 Lincoln Park IL May – Howard Eaton 1hd Bull from Allard herd
1904 Lincoln Park IL December 20hd Mark Sullivan census taker
1908Lincoln Park IL January ABS 18hd 7 Bulls 6 Cows 5 calves
1902 Fairmount Philadelphia Zoo PA February 12 13hd Six males and 7 females, full blood and are bred.
1902 Highland Park Zoological Garden PA March 24 3hd Male 7yo, Female 6yo and young calf born here
1901 Rand Park IA herd 7hd
1901 Rand Park IA -4hd Sold 4hd to Carl Hagenbeck Germany
1902 Rand Park IA 3hd One aged buil, I yrl hfr, I Granddaughter of bull
1919 Pisgah National Game Preserve NC Nucleus herd 6hd 3 Males 3 Females
1902 Central Park NY February 13 2hd Hornaday, one of the three died last week
1907Seneca Park NY Originally a single pair 3hd Just had a new calf. (Rochester)
1902 Zoological Garden, Forest Park MO February St Louis, Missouri 3hd Two males, One female Full blood
1902 Riverview Park NE February 2hd
1902 Park IN Carload to Ft Wayne Ind. May Howard Eaton 5hd Took a carload of buffalo to Fort Wayne, Ind., recently. One bull and 4 cows. Howard Eaton -Allard
1902 City Park IA February 13 Keokuk 5hd Hornaday
1896 Van Cortlandt park(loan) NY 30 head Austin Corbin wanted them back for their poor care and later all the bison died
1897 Van Cortlandt park(loan) NY May 1897 +1hd New Calf born
1897 Van Cortlandt park(loan) NY August “The bison presented to New York Central Park Zoo by the late Austin Corbin t are dying of some mysterious disease.
1900 Van Cortlandt park(loan) NY October 10 1hd Austins’ bison did make it back to him and he kept them separated and eventually they all died, one by one.
1902 Van Cortlandt park(loan) NY February 13 1hd
1900 Denver City Park CO Bismarck Grove -Col Stanton herd? March With the removal to the Denver City park last spring of the buffalo from Bismarck Grove, near Lawrence, Kan.,
1902 Denver City Park CO March 6hd State of Colorado Exe. Chamber
1903 Denver City Park CO July reports a number of buffalo
1904 Denver City Park CO September reports large numbers
1905 Denver City Park CO 1905/06 +5hd Pablo Allard herd, by way of Eaton
1907 Denver City Park CO December 18hd ABS
1909 Denver City Park CO +1hd New calf born, Its mother was born In the park and is three years old. The sire is one of the Pablo Alta herd from the Flathead reservation in Montana.
1898 Brackenridge Park TX Charles Goodnight +5hd Nucleus San Antonio Park
1902 Brackenridge Park TX Herd Decrease -1hd/3hd “The death of the buffalo heifer, at Brackenridge Park was very unfortunate,” said B. F. Sprotley to an Express reporter Friday
1903 Brackenridge Park TX Charles Goodnight Dec 2 +3hd Three buffalo yearlings, two heifers and one bull, the gift of Col. Geo. W. Brackenridge in Antonio, arrived here today for the Goodnight ranch in the Panhandle $750.00 price paid
1906 Brackenridge Park TX Herd Decrease -4hd Two of the 5 cows died this year and 2 cfs, the only increase
1908 Brackenridge Park TX Herd Increase +1hd Healthy Bull calf named “Billy” 2nd time to ever have a calf.
Need to resolve: Canada
Donald Smith (Lord Strathcona) CAN To pay back original loan of $1,000 to buy the herd from Alloway -Bedson 27hd From Samuel Bedson herd The buffalo grazed on land at his vast estate in Silver Heights. -pure buffalo-Canada History
Donald Smith CAN 13/4Xs The herd numbers 17 animals, thirteen pure bred and four crosses. Several died due to the very small pen.
Donald Smith CAN -5hd/22hd City of Winnipeg-Alloway says 5hd or -Garretson says 4hd
Donald Smith CAN -15hd/7 bal Rocky Mountain Park at Banff bal sent to Banff 13 hd-Canada History – Alloway says 15 sent to Banff, he kept 7 for himself
1889 Donald Smith CAN Reported by Hornaday April 5hd The few now owned by Sir Donald Smith at Silver Heights are not likely for some time to fall into the hands of a foreign adventurer.
1897 Donald Smith CAN August 15hd (F&S June/July)
1898 Donald Smith (Lord Strathcona) CAN The Park Buffalo -18hd Presented 18 buffalo to the Dominion of Canada The Park Buffalo
1898 Donald Smith (Lord Strathcona) CAN National Park @ Banff -13hd 12 to the National Park plus Sir Donald Bull – Dept of Interior
18__ Donald Smith (Lord Strathcona) CAN City of Winnipeg -4hd City of Winnipeg
aft 1902 Donald Smith CAN plus ? Allard herd gifted from Canadian Gov
1908 Donald Smith CAN January ABS 11hd 7 Bulls 3 Cows 1 calf
1897 Rocky Mountain Park(1887) CAN October TG Blackstock-Goodnight bison Nucleus +3hd There were three animals already in the park that were donated by Toronto Lawyer T.G. Blackstock -Banff Park Bull and two cows-Already had some bison?
1897 Rocky Mountain Park CAN June Sir Donald December 15/16hd Bedson Herd
1899 Banff Nat’l Park CAN (Rocky Mnt Park) Others are off to the hot springs about three miles distant, while others go to the buffalo herd in the park fenced off for their own use. July 7 The Moose Jaw Times
1900 Rocky Mountain Park CAN October 26hd Dept of Interior
1902 Rocky Mountain Park-Banff CAN February 13 31hd TG Rothwell-Deputy Minister Interior
1904 Rocky Mountain Park CAN Dec 45hd Mark Sullivan census taker
1907 Banff Seven head were taken to Elk Island in exchange 16 head of the Pablo herd were shipped back to Banff.
1908 Rocky Mountain Park CAN January ABS 83/13Xs 30 Bulls 37 Cows 16 Calves
1909 Banff _Rocky Mnt Can Herd Increase 107 head- Dept of Interior
Intend to move about 80 head to Buffalo Park during the summer.
1906 Elk Island
1907- Elk Island-Alberta CAN Seven hundred and eight buffalo were shipped to Canada, mostly to Elk Island National Park, Alberta. Others were sent to Banff- Howard Douglas and Norman Luxton-Pablo Herd
1907Elk Island- Albert CAN +7hd from Banff and received 16 head of the Pablo herd in exchange
1908 Elk Island-Alberta CAN January ABS 479hd 177 Bulls 221 Cows 81Calves
1909 Elk Island –Alberta CAN -325 head to Buffalo National Park (newly opened)
1909 Elk Island Alberta CAN balance of herd after exports 48 hd
1899 1902 Bobcaygeon-Mossom Boyd Co CAN Buffalo Bull 1hd is crossing on Herefords.
1902 Bobcaygeon-Mossom Boyd Co CAN Herd Count 21Xs Cincinnati Enquirer Mar 21 1903 (Only 1 full blood in all of Ontario)
1908 Bobcaygeon-Mossom Boyd Co CAN January ABS /43Xs Cattalo
1915 Mossom Boyd died –Canadian Gov. bought 20 hd of his crosses and transported them to Alberta.
1900 Running Wild CAN October 200hd Great Slave Lake
1902- Great Slave Lake wild bison herd 600hd
____ Wood Buffalo Nat’l Park –Alberta CAN The descendants of the Allard-Pablo buffalo can now be found at Wood Buffalo National Park, a tract of land straddling the Alberta-Northwest Territories border.
Forest Reserve became Riding Mountain National Park 1930
Riding Mnt Nat’l Park Manitoba CAN 30 plains bison in its Lake Audy enclosure originally obtained from Wood Buffalo National Park.
1907 National Park CAN? +12hd These 12 have increased till at present there are over 95 in the herd, besides 13 head which have been presented to different ________ and coast cities.
1908 Holt, Renfrew & Co Quebec CAN January ABS /1X Cattalo
1896? City Park, Winnipeg CAN Sir Donald 4 or 5hd?
1900 City Park CAN October 10 4hd
River Park Zoo Winnipeg Manitoba 1902- 1927
1903 River Park CAN August-Street Railway Company 3hd Howard Eaton-Pablo herd One bull and two cows comprise the trio, and all are fine
1908 River Park CAN January ABS 1hd Cow
1900 Running Wild CAN October 200hd Great Slave Lake