<< Previous Next >>

The Anaconda Standard
Anaconda, Montana Jan. 1, 1924


Tom Gundry, keeper and watchman of the buffalo herd at Columbia gardens, narrowly escaped a strenuous hunt during yesterday’s cold. The fence surrounding the buffalo inclosure was torn to the ground by the high wind at the gardens yesterday and the four animals faced the whole world for the first time in years without a barrier: But they did not leave their domicile and the three meals furnished them in a warm barn to be alone in the world, and that’s where, according to Mr. Gundry, the buffaloes showed thought, good judgment and incidentally saved him a hunt in the sub-zero weather.

The way Mr. Gundry puts It. “the hills looked too cold and forbidding to them, while the glare of the city lights proved too fascinating to leave behind.”


The Missoulian Montana Jan 5 1924 Bison Meat Ad vs Other Meats

1924 Meat Prices


Corsicana Daily Sun
Corsicana Texas Jan 14 1924


White Men First Viewed Animals in Mexico 400 Years Ago.

Washington.—-The recent gift of three buffalo to the government of Mexico recalls the discovery and early history of these big game animals. The gift will be sent from the herd maintained by the United States Department of Agriculture on the Wichita game preserve, Oklahoma, to the zoological park in the City of Mexico, almost on the very spot where the buffalo was first discovered by Europeans.

The biological survey points out that 400 years ago, when Cortez entered Montezuma’s capital, on the present site of the City of Mexico, white men had their first view of buffalo, a herd of which was maintained in the menagerie of the emperor. This was in 1521, when buffalo roamed in millions over the tablelands of northern Mexico and the great plains of the present western United States.

An early writer; Antonio de Solis, , who first described Montezuma’s; menagerie, declared that the greatest rarity in the collection was the “Mexican bull,” which had crooked shoulders, a hunch on its hack like the camel, and its neck covered with hair like the lion. It was in these terms that lie characterized the American buffalo or bison.

As a manifestation of good will toward our southern neighbor, a gift of three buffalo was tendered the Mexican government by the United States Department of Agriculture and the New York Zoological society.


Anaconda Standard
Anaconda,  Montana June 5 1924

The American bison will never become extinct, although at one time it was feared it would. The picture shows a buffalo calf, only one day old, taken at Central Park menagerie, New York City.

1924 June 5


Oakland Tribune
Oakland, California July 25 1924

S.F. Park Bison Roped as Street Hunt Stirs Panic

Today’s sun, squinting through the trees of Golden Gate Park, witnessed the oddest composite of buffalo hunt, panic, rodeo, hysteria, wild west show, bull fight, foot race, police stratagem, ferocity, docility, and comedy that it probably has been its pleasure to witness since Adam caroled a merry roundelay to his off ox.

All this came to pass when Sinbad, the biggest bull buffalo in the park confines, discovered that freedom could be had for the mere leaning of his generous bulk against one of the fence post. Sinbad leaned. Twenty-four fellow and sister natural Curiosities followed him to liberty.1844 Buffalo Hunting

Thus it happened that moralists who lived by the early-bird schedule were permitted to witness the extraordinary spectacle from the tree tops, while happier folk remained in bed and saved themselves several years’ growth by sleeping through the disturbance.

First symptoms of trouble were detected at police headquarters when an hysterical voice announced ‘over the telephone that “all the small change of Golden Gate Park was loose.” This proved a mere prelude to a multitude of telephone calls to the effect that: “There’s a hunchback cow on my front porch.” “Come quick, they’re moving the zoo and a herd of elephants has gone mad.” “My husband has to be at work at 6 -o’clock and a wild bull won’t let him out of the house.”

Sergeant Jack Sullivan of the mounted police rode with a posse of weathered and true patrolmen to engage in the only buffalo hunt since the covered wagon was a wheelbarrow.

When the hunters, armed with lariats that had not lariated in all their fibrous careers, pikes that had done nothing but embellish the office of the captain of the watch, staves that had never stove anything harder than a human skull, and with a bravery worthy of the wildest Comanches, arrived on the scene, the buffalo had segregated into chummy groups and were out to see the town.1924 Bison Hunting

With, whooping and hallooing, poking and profanity, the truants were, one by one, headed back Into the paddock. As each disorderly unit was impounded, another section of the Richmond population came down out of the trees and went on its way to work.

Sinbad the ringleader of the herd, objected to the interference by outsiders and in his wrath charged a municipal street car at Twenty-seventh avenue and Geary street. Here an unidentified hero, the” motorman of the car, with the skill of a matador put the animal to flight with a controller bar.

Mounted Policeman Claude Ireland was in danger of his life when thirty cents worth of the herd charged him at once. Quick on the draw, Policeman Ireland withdrew and brilliantly rescued himself from further .danger.

By 9 o’clock, all of the herd was again cropping the grass of the park within bonds.

The greatest show at an end.


The Anaconda Standard
Anaconda, Montana Sep 7 1924


“It is unlawful at any time to kill moose, bison, buffalo, caribou, antelope, Rocky Mountain sheep, Rocky Mountain goats, quail etc….


The Montana Standard
Butte, Montana Sep 17 1924


Affectionate Bison – Ain’t No Such Animal

WASHINGTON, Sept. 16. An apparently general belief, reflected in scores of letters received by the interior department, that a buffalo will respond to friendly overture by wagging its-tall or proffering a hoof, has been rudely dispelled with delivery of several of the animals the national park is distributing from the surplus Yellowstone park herd.

A La Grange, Ind., recipient of a bison bull complained in a communication that the animal sent to him only a week ago charges at every call and has wrecked three fences. A little girl in Faust, New York, who said she had tired of her dog, three cats and rabbit and wanted “affectionate buffalo to play with” was advised there was no such animal. Several boys who asked for buffalo as pets were counseled that puppies were more congenial and safer.


The Ogden Standard Examiner
Ogden, Utah Oct 21, 1924


From Washington comes other news that the government herds of buffalo, or bison, are increasing such an extent that the government has a surplus for other preserves.

All this doesn’t look like American wild game is disappearing. It is not. But it’s wise moves by sportsmen’s associations and conservation groups that. are saving game.

The west cannot afford to have its game destroyed, for in the future this wild game will be of the west’s finest tourist attracting features.


Argus Leader
Sioux Falls, South Dakota Oct 4, 1924


Ranch Started in South Dakota More Than 50. Years Ago by Frederick Dupris With Herd of Eight Buffalo Calves, Has Interesting History


When the cortege drew up at the vault the sun was sinking low in the west and one of most unique funeral ceremonies took place, that of “Scotty” Philip, the famous preserver of the buffalo in western United States, senator, businessman and rancher. His cowboys came loping in from all of his outlying ranches, some of them coming from a distance of two hundred miles, to witness the ceremony. Mr. Philip was buried in a sepulcher he had built upon his ranch at the buffalo pasture. As if to show their profound sorrow and humility, a herd of buffalo marched over the bleak hill and down along the fence but a few feet from the funeral assemblage. The relatives of his wife, whom he had wed some years before from the Sioux tribe, were there in their native blankets, perhaps displaying the only brightness of the occasion. In contrast to these mourners were his former friends, including state officials and his Masonic brethren who were in the procession, deeply grieving the loss of a true friend.

Largest Ranch in U.S.

Situated five miles from Pierre, the state capital, and bordering a portion of the famous Black’ and Yellow trail from Chicago to the Yellowstone, is the enormous Philip buffalo ranch, by far the largest in the United States, a preservation of the spirit and sentiment of a dying race of wild animals. The ranch runs along the Missouri river for about the distance of a mile and extends on into the rough plain a quarter of a mile where it develops into a huge plateau. This makes an ideal place for the herd, a thousand in number, to graze and maintain their natural existence. A six-foot wire fence encloses the entire ranch of twelve thousand acres.

The well-known cowboys of the movies, William Hart, Harry Carey and Tom Mix have nothing on the actual life and duties of the cowpunchers at the Philip ranch. Their duties in caring for the buffalo take in protection from wolves and coyotes and constant surveillance over them to see that no ill-mannered beast breaks out of the enclosure. Occasionally a maddened bull will plunge his horns into the horses’ flanks on which some cowboy is riding and lift horse and rider upon his giant front and tossing them a hundred yards before the other cowboys could come to the rescue.

Winter Brings Trouble
Winter time is the cause of most of their troubles as the snow blows across the prairie piling the snow high above the fencing, making a handy escape for Mr. Buffalo, should he be disposed to take advantage of the opportunity. Though lumber some, heavy and clumsy, the bison is a swift animal. It takes from four to five cowboys to tussle with one buffalo. It necessitates a cow-puncher being agile, alert and sly to deal with these apparently loggy and docile bison. The most difficult and dangerously exciting time in the .life of a cowboy is the herding of the buffalo and preparing them for shipment. Each bison must be caught, crated and shipped. Buffalo are a great deal like humans in that most of them “go with the crowd” and offer no particular resistance but occasionally one buck snorts and finally ends by breaking the crate and makes away for the open prairie, the cowboys after him in hot pursuit. As the cowpunchers drive the herd they shout a weird uncanny yell in order to warn anyone chancing to be within distance of the oncoming herd and then to frighten the buffalo into keeping within the nerd as they move slowly along.

The bison require very little care and rarely make any attempt to break their wire enclosure which encircles the range. They live contentedly, generally foraging for themselves, but in severe winters some hay is thrown to them. It is seldom necessary to feed them in winter, even if the snow is deep for they seem to have an instinct handed down by their wild ancestors for they can find grass by nosing and pawing away the heaviest snow. They have persistent habits and flourish well in captivity for they are even-tempered and have steady nerves. Frequently one of the herd is not so peace-loving and agreeable as his fellow animals and picks a fight with some of the other buffalo, usually ending in one of them getting killed. About one out of every 20 or 25 are averaged to be vicious and hard to manage. Stupidity is generally thought to be one of the main characteristics of the American bison but naturalists tell us that the buffalo were gentle, trustful, unsuspicious until hunters taught them to fight for their existence and that man was their worst enemy. They soon learned by experience to seek refuge in the rugged Bad Lands and mountains. They prove to be very alert and keen in the hunt. It has been quite thoroughly proven that the captive buffalo is happier than when their ancestors had a daily struggle to get forage and had to protect themselves.

Disappeared Rapidly
It is estimated that 60 million buffalo roamed the wild prairie of North America, it can hardly be conceived by the American people the huge numbers of buffalo which grazed the prairies of their land.

Man is the one murderer of these animals and almost caused their entire extinction. They were not contented to shoot them for the actual value, it was necessary for them to receive from them, but it is the old story of the love of the hunt and chase getting the better of the hunter’s judgment and they shot the buffalo down often herds at one time, leaving the flesh to decay. These senseless poachers, for such they were, killed them for their personal pleasure to a large extent and occasionally for their hides and heads. Some records show that in one hour a hundred bison were annihilated. The persons, who so recklessly and ruthlessly slaughtered were not left unpaid in a small degree for their crime for the land was tainted with pestilence from the thousands of decaying carcasses, Coyotes and buzzards were a dangerous problem to the frontiersman. However, a great number of robes and hides .were shipped to the eastern part of the country. The end of the time when buffalo wandered on the plain came so sudden people were hardly warned of their sudden departure. In fact, many hunting expeditions, involving big money, were sent out, only to come back at a great loss.

Started by Degrees
The history of the ‘”Scotty” Philip ranch started more than 50 years ago when Frederick Dupris (Dupree), a frontiersman, living on the Cheyenne river. northwest of Pierre, succeeded in catching eight buffalo calves. He managed somehow through many difficulties, for buffalo are also subject to fevers and diseases and often are killed by coyotes and wolves, to save six of the herd and developed from them a sizeable herd of bison. Frederic Dupris was a French Canadian of rather distinguished family who came to the region about 1845. He married an intelligent Sioux woman. After Dupris’ death 80 years ago, James (Scotty) Philip purchased the buffalo having secured from the government the rental at a nominal cost of 3,000 acres of rough land in the river breaks, and it was here that his unique and nationally famous herd were established. Dr. William T. Hornaday, director of the New York Zoological Park, and the greatest living authority on the buffalo says, “The main hope that the buffalo will not be numbered among the extinct animals is in the preservation of the Philip herd.” Under Mr. Philip’s guidance, for his buffalo were a vital interest to him, the herd has thriven wonderfully to the amount of approximately a thousand, despite the fact that some of them are frequently killed and shipped away. The last big shipment was made to California where the bison were to be sold and used for sporting purposes. A great number each year are crated to the different zoological parks in the United States. Every Christmas, and Thanksgiving time there is a great demand for the buffalo meat. This is especially true in the western part of South Dakota where it has become more or less of a much-anticipated custom to eat buffalo meat. Frequently a bison is killed for a huge barbecue, common in that part of the country at jubilees and celebrations where much feting is carried on – a big day for the cowboys and ranchers.

Of Little Economic Value
The actual economic value of the buffalo, aside from its production of hides and meat which is of little consequence, is very low in reality of figures, but the bison will always have high sentimental value to Americans as a representative of pioneer days, the foundation of our modern civilization and achievements. The buffalo cannot be allowed, on account of our indifference, to become extinct, a thing which in generations to come our children can imagine and not see. Although Uncle Sam has never bought a single herd to replenish the supply of bison he has established government parks and allowed appropriations for the keeping and caring of the herd and even congress seems to have felt the sentimentality of it to such an extent that the life of the buffalo has been practically assured. The government provides for the upkeep of three buffalo parks at Wichita, Yellowstone Park and one situated in the northwestern part of Montana.

Various attempts have been made to domesticate the American bison with the domestic cow, and, as far as the breeding is concerned, it has been successful and the buffalo is susceptible of domestication with the domestic cow; but with the inauguration of machinery and electric power domestic animals are not in such demand and, consequently, experimenting has lost its incentive. The buffalo cows never breed until they are three years of age, and only about fifty per cent of them do then. Explorers thought that the buffalo, by domestication might take the place of the domestic ox, and at the same time yield a fleece of wool equal in value with respect to quality to that of its usual value for its flesh and hides. This idea too has been abandoned although it could be possible. Few attempts have been made toward the training and taming the buffalo for labor and they are kept only as objects of curiosity. By experiments, it has been shown that half-buffalo bulls will not produce again but the half-buffalo cow will be productive from either race.


The Winnipeg Evening Tribune
Winnipeg, Canada Nov. 1, 1924


[From London Daily Graphic]
In the spring of 1873 “ Walking Coyote,” a Pend d Oreille Indian, commonly known on the reservation of his people Samuel, captured four little buffalo calves two bulls and two heifers. These formed the humble beginning of the now famous herd.1924 Bison

Coyote, together with his squaw and stepson, had been wintering with the Piegan Indians on the’ Milk River close to the International boundary, and near where the town or Buffalo, Montana now stands. During a hunting expedition the four calves were cut out of a great, herd, and in accordance with a peculiar characteristic of the buffalo, well known to old plainsmen, they followed the horse, of the hunter who had either slain or separated their mothers from them.

Next spring, ‘Walking Coyote” took his four strange little protégés to St Ignatius mission, the centre of the Indian reservation known as “following” the ponies across the Rock Mountains to their future home.  In four years time each heifer had a calf,  and from that time they increased slowly until in 1884, they numbered thirteen head, and their Indian owner finding them to great a tax on his resources, decided to dispose of them.

Mr. D. McDonald, Hudson Bay trader on the Flathead, and the last man to represent the famous old company in the Western States, was about to purchase the herd, when C. A. Allard, who was then ranching on the reservation, realizing that within a few years the buffalo would be invaluable as specimens, entered into partnership with his fellow rancher and friend of his boyhood. Michael Pablo and bought ten of ‘Walking Coyote'” herd of thirteen buffalo as a speculation, paying 250 dollars per head for them.

This fortunate circumstance saved the buffalo from extinction, for not only did the herd increase very rapidly under their capable supervision until it became the most numerous in the world, but the majority of specimens and individual collections, including the largest number of those in Yellowstone Park, Wyoming, have been secured from this source.

Melancholy, however, was the fate of ‘Walking Coyote,” for after receiving the money for the herd, he went to Missoula, and after a short season of dissipation, was found dead under a bridge there. Such was the end of the real founder of the great buffalo herd now world famous.

A humorous little incident is told concerning Pablo and Allard, while they had met beside a stream to pay the 2,500 dollars involved they had met beside a stream to as “Walking Coyote” positively refused to accept a cheque. They were busily counting the money into piles of 100 dollars each, when a mink ran by them. The instinct of the hunter was strong in both, and they immediately gave chase. The pursuit of the little animal was hot and vigorous, and carried them far from their treasure, before they realized what they had actually done. Fortunately, they found the money safe.

In 1903, Allard and Pablo bought the remnant of Buffalo Jones’ herd at Omaha, securing

twenty-six purebred animals and eighteen hybrids from this source. This, with “Walking Coyote’s” ten, gave them thirty-six thoroughbreds, from which the herd was built up. It is the descendants of these the Government secured.

A  very Interesting episode occurred during the purchase of the herd of Buffalo Jones. When he arrived at Butte. Montana, on a Sunday afternoon with the herd according to contract, .Mr. Allard found he had not enough money to secure deliver, in his predicament he turned to Joseph A. Clark, a brother of U. S. Senator Clark, the millionaire copper mine owner, who, before he suddenly amassed great fortune, had been engaged as cook on the Allard and Pablo ranch on the reservation, at this time when the senator was driving the mail there. The servants at Clark’s mansion did not extend very cordial reception to Mr. Allard in his picturesque rancher’s attire, but the millionaire was delighted to be in a position to accommodate his former employer, and Mr. Allard’s financial difficulty was speedily removed. The animals were then driven, overland to the ranch beyond Davalli, where they remained until purchased by the Canadian Government.

Buffalo Park, Wainwrlght, Alberta, was then formed, and today 7,000 buffalo roam the 159 square miles of that enclosure at will. At Elk Island Park, there is a herd of 200 buffalo; also a small herd at Banff National Park. Another small herd is in the Winnipeg city park.

The “Buffalo” Jones herd had a peculiar interest to the people of Manitoba, for it was there the herd originated. Buffalo Jones bought them from Colonel Bedson, of Stoney Mountain, when the latter was warden of the penitentiary. Colonel Bedson had purchased them some years previously from the late Hon. James .McKay, by whom the collection of the Jones’ herd was pur-time  [‘purtime’ this is what is printed] that “Walking Coyote” effected’ his fortunate capture. A portion of the Jones’ herd was purchased by Sir Donald A. Smith (later Lord Strathcona), and the animals were presented, by him to the Canadian Government. With the exception of four which, the city of Winnipeg was allowed to retain after a vigorous protest, the remainder were sent to Banff to the National park, where there is a herd of upwards of twenty very fine animals


Dayton Daily News
Dayton Ohio Nov 13 1924

Buffalo Meat Served in Dining Cars

Buffalo steak sizzled merrily and appetizingly over many a camp fire of Lewis and Clark, famed explorers, on their long path finding trip from the Missouri river to the Pacific coast in 1804-05.

Today, 124 years later, Buffalo meat again “tops” a menu card this time on the Northern Pacific dining cars, which railroad follows the Lewis and Clark trail to the north Pacific coast.

The prime meat is served as either steaks or roasts, according to the announcement made today by A. W. Thompson, superintendent of dining car service, and transcontinental travelers are finding it a happy addition to the menu suggestions.

The meat comes from the Montana National Bison range established near Ravalli, Montana, in 1909 for the preservation of the buffalo or bison. Thirty-seven head were turned upon the range Oct. 17, 1909. The herd now numbers 500. Each year, it is explained, it is necessary to dispose of a number of the animals in order to keep the herd within the food capacity of the preserve.

The national movement for the preservation of buffalo, according to data of the United States Biological survey, began in June, 1904, with the enlistment of support for the project by Ernest Harold Baynes. President Roosevelt took immediate and active interest. The American Bison society was formed, and in January, 1908, recommended that a site be purchased situated along the Northern Pacific railway, at Ravalli, on the Flathead Indian reservation north of the Jocko and east of the Flathead rivers, consisting of a minimum of 20 square miles.

Senator Joseph M. Dixon, chairman of the committee on Indian affairs, and now governor of Montana, introduced a bill which was passed, and which was signed by President Roosevelt May 3, 1908, appropriating the funds to buy the lands from the Flathead Indians.

The society raised $10,560 for the purchase of a nucleus herd, the buffalo selected being from the herd founded by the late C. E. Conrad at Kalispell. Mont. It was said to have had its origin in a few calves captured by a Pend d’Oreille Indian about 1878 on the plains east of the Rocky Mountains. The society purchased 34 head (12 males and 22 females) at $275 a head, delivered on the range, and in addition received as a gift from the Conrad estate, one male herd leader Kalispell Chief, 7 years old, and one female, 6 years old, the best cow in the Conrad herd.

Thirty-seven head (including a female buffalo given by Charles Goodnight of Texas) reached Ravalli Saturday night, Oct. 16, 1909, and the following day were unloaded on a special switch track put in by the Northern Pacific Railway on the south side of the range, two and one half miles west of the Ravalli station. On Nov. 18, 1910, three buffalo, presented to the Blue Mountain Forest association, New Hampshire, from the herd founded by the late Austin Corbin, arrived at the range in good condition. There are six nationally owned buffalo herds in the United States. The two largest are located along the line of the Northern Pacific railroad, one in the Yellowstone National park and the other on the Montana National Bison range. The government owned herds in the United States contain 1719 animals. There is one herd in Canada reported to contain 10,000. The rapid increase of the buffalo in the United States to more than the number necessary to insure their perpetuity had made it possible for the Northern Pacific railroad company to secure buffalo meat for service on their dining cars. Many of those who frequented the range in the old days considered buffalo meat far superior to that of beef, when properly cooked.



The Billings Gazette
Billings Montana Nov 24 1924

Slaughter of Buffalo On at Bison Range

Missoula, Nov. 23. (Special) Killing of buffalo on the national bison range, 33 miles west of Missoula has been started under the direction of the warden and his deputies. It is expected that 200 of the 700 buffalo on the reserve will be slain or shipped to other places in the country. It is understood an order has been received for 40 head to be sent alive to California, where a place is waiting them.

There are too many bison for the range and the forage has been reduced to an alarming degree. However, in reducing the herd, the older bulls or those unfit for breeding or propagation are the ones which are to be exterminated. The range also has about 500 elk and It Is said If the elk were not on the range that there would be sufficient feed for the buffalo.

Special loading corrals have been built and the buffalo are driven into these end the pick then made of those to be killed or shipped.


The Missoulian
Missoula, Montana Nov 25 1924


Fours Cars of Live Ones to Go to California Soon.

Four head of buffalo which were killed on the bison reserve west of Missoula were brought to the city on the afternoon Polson train yesterday. The animals, a part of the buffalo to be slaughtered to reduce the size of the herd, averaged in weight from 1.000 to 1,108 pounds. They are being sent to points in the west where they win be disposed of through the meat markets.

One of the animals is going to Thompson Falls, another to Spokane, one to Bremerton and the fourth to Bellingham. They were shipped out by express on train No. 3 last night. On account of the weight of the animals the services of 11 men were required to get them loaded into the express cars.

The shipping of buffalo meat from the bison range has become a daily event since the forces of the warden have been killing off the animals which are to be disposed of, it was stated in railroad circles. Arrangements are being, made to send four carloads of the live, animals to California next month. It was said that there would be about forty buffalo, and the plan was to load ten in each car. They are to go to a California point where provisions are now being made for their keeping.


The Billings Gazette
Billings, Montana Nov. 26, 1924

Sells Buffalo Steak To Western Markets

St. Ignatius, Nov. 25. (Special) Frank A. Hose, warden of the Montana national bison range, has returned from an automobile trip through Washington and Oregon, Where he has been selling buffalo meat from the bison range to the principal hotels and markets in the various towns as a part of the procedure determined upon to reduce the game herds to the carrying capacity of the range. The work of selecting, slaughtering and shipping this game meat has begun and daily shipments will continue until late in the winter. The buffalo to be killed after December 1 will be grain-fed to maintain their present fine condition.

Construction work on capturing corrals for the live shipment of buffalo is being rushed, with the expectation of shipping a considerable number of live buffalo early in December.


The Courier Gazette
McKinney Texas Dec 13 1924

Buffalo Steaks And Roast AT Ward’s Market

Once again buffalo is becoming a rare item on occasional menus and a few people are enjoying the privilege of eating buffalo steaks and buffalo roasts. Among those favored are the people of McKinney, who during the holiday season will have, the privilege of feasting upon buffalo meat. Ward’s market is entitled to this credit. They have secured from the largest private buffalo herd in the world located in South Dakota, a quantity of buffalo meat for holiday trade.

The meat is said to be both delicious and healthful.


Great Falls Tribune
Great Falls, Montana Dec 19, 1924


Forty Head from Bison Range Purchased by William Randolph Hearst

By The Associated Press
Missoula. Mont., Dec. 18. Forty head of buffalo from the bison reserve near Dixon, 35 miles west of here, have been sold to William Randolph Hearst, according to information reaching here from the Flathead reservation. The statement said that Mr. Hearst had paid an average of $1,000 a head for the animals. They are to be shipped to his ranch in California.

Due to the overcrowded condition of the range in the reserve it has been necessary to thin the ranks of the natives of the Montana prairies and last year and this year a number of the less desirable animals have been slaughtered and the carcasses sold. These have been disposed of over the butcher’s here, in Oregon, Washington and Utah.

Mr. Hearst’s purchase will be the first shipment of live buffalo sold from the reserve since its establishment in 1908. Before the slaughter started this fall the herd numbered 700 head.


The Catalina Islander
California Dec 24, 1924


It is quite a unique experience to see a herd of buffalo, fourteen of them, on Catalina Island. But such is now the case when one ventures to the west end.

Mr Tom White,  who is connected with the Lasky Film Company of Hollywood, shipped the animals to the Isthmus last week, and they were later turned loose to browse on the hillsides west of the Isthmus. The animals were shipped to Catalina Island Harbor in separate crates, slowly herded by Mr. Arnold Gillatt, and driven over to the location where they will spend the winter.

It is quite possible that the Lasky Film Company will use the buffalo in a picture during the coming spring. Several of the animals weigh 1,500 pounds each.

1924 14 Head of Catalina BisonBison on Santa Catalina Island, c. 1924



Casper Star Tribune
Casper, Wyoming Dec 27, 1924


Shades of covered wagon days will strike Casper palates with a thump next week when 1,000 pounds of buffalo meat will descend in the form of sirloins, porterhouses, ham burger, round steaks and every cut common to our barn yard bossies. Beginning Tuesday morning at’ 9 o’clock, the Norris company of this city will held its eighth annual sale of buffalo meat, made possible by the killing of a number of surplus buffalo on the Montana Bison range.

According to C. V. Norris, president of the local company, the buffalo intended for Casper tables will scale close to 1,000 pounds and will be young, tender, and juicy.” The entire, government allotment will be sold to the public through the retail department of the Norris company and will not be disposed of through separate agencies. You can buy your share of the buffalo meat at the main plant H and Durbin streets in North Casper, or at the retail market at the’ junction of East Yellowstone and East Second streets.


The Montana Standard
Butte, Montana Dec 31 1924


Advance of Game Licenses to Residents Meets With Opposition

In view of the fact that the buffalo or bison no longer exists in a wild state and is now only being propagated under domestic conditions by the federal government, it was moved to take that animal off the list of game animals.