1903


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Iowa City Press Oct 16 1903

Dakota As Viewed By An Iowan

W.M. Boone and party have returned from a profitable and enjoyable trip to South Dakota.

……They arrived at Blunt, South Dakota, October 7th and on the same morning were taken in carriages over the broad prairie to Onida, and other interesting points.
South Dakota is an immense prairie undulating, restful to the eye and permitting wide views. He who admires quiet tones and pastoral effects- the green carpet of the earth- will linger long over a Dakota scene as it appears in these early autumn days.
One of the greatest natural advantages of this country are the natural gas wells. There are five natural gas and artesian wells in Sully county. This gas is odorless and smokeless. The gas and artesian water come from the one well.
……In the city of Pierre, the capital of the state, the gas is used for illuminating and heating and furnishes the power for the electric light plant and the waterworks.
The party visited the 10,000 acre ranch of Mr. Wadleigh who was a member of the legislature from Clinton County, Iowa, in 1879. Mr. Wadleigh’s home is lighted and heated by the natural gas. The artesian water as it flows from the well at a temperature of 103° is piped through the house and on their western ranch, the Wadleigh’s enjoy all of the modern conveniences of city life.
South DakotaOne of the most pleasant features of the trip was the visit to the buffalo ranch owned by Scotty Phillips.
……The party including ladies and gentlemen of South Dakota sailed up the Missouri River in a launch from Pierre to the buffalo pasture. Mr. Phillips is the owner of the only buffalo herd in existence in captivity on its native soil. The owner took the party in his carriage into the midst of the herd. Ten of these animals have escaped and are roaming the prairies. They have become very ferocious and the Cowboys have been unable to recapture them. Next month Mr. Phillips will give a buffalo hunt the purpose of recapturing these animals. On being asked if Pres. Roosevelt had been invited he replied: “no man is invited, all men are invited.” These buffaloes when killed are to be returned to the owner, who will have them mounted, and will present them to educational institutions.

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The Vermont Watchmen Nov 19 1903

A Western Trip
North Montpelier People Return From a Pleasant Journey

C.S. Bennett, Mrs Blanche Wilson and Liss Flora Wilson, of North Montpelier, arrived in Montpelier early on Monday from the west, where they have been visiting the past two months. They visited C.C. Bennetts, Pierre, South Dakota, with Scotty Phillips of Fort Pierre, and with him the buffalo park out on the plains on the west side of the Missouri River, where Mr. Phillips has 95 head of very fine buffalo inclosed in a 2,000 acre pasture, by strong fence, six and one half feet high. Scotty had a fine team at the park and took his guest all through, among and close to the buffalo, so that they had a good view of them. Mr Phillips is a cowboy of Scotch parentage and is a fine specimen of that noble race. He has nearly 12,000 head of cattle out on the plains west of the “Big Muddy” herded by cowboys. The Indians express their appreciation of the kindness of their genial friend, Scotty Phillips.
……After visiting C.C. Bennett’s family in Pierre, they returned to Marshall, Minn., where his daughter, Mrs. L Coburn lives. She is the mother of Mrs. Wilson and the grand-mother of Miss Flora Wilson. After a few weeks’ visit at L.Coburn’s they came on to Chicago, in which city they spent several days with Mrs Alice Hollister Jones, and family. They visited Armour’s great packing house and stock yards, Lincoln Park, Masonic Temple, Marshall Field’s great store which contains 1,000,000 feet of floor space and 7,000 employees, also the famous Board of Trade building. Chicago and Rock Island station built of granite quarried in Woodbury on Robinson mountain and manufactured by the Hardwick Granite Co., The building is an immense structure of beauty and convenience.

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LAST BUFFALO HUNT
The Allentown Leader Pa. Nov 24 1903

President Roosevelt to be invited to Join South Dakota Party
A Ranchman’s Costly Sport

……Herd Will be Turned Loose Into Missouri River Valley and Crack Shots Will Be Forced to Find Their Game
Invitations will be issued this week to what will probably be the last wild buffalo hunt of the United States.
……Scotty Phillips, whose ranch is located 8 miles north of Fort Pierre, South Dakota, who is the owner of next to the largest herd of full blood buffaloes in the United States, is the author of the invitations. President Roosevelt will be invited to become a member of the party, which will be made up of old buffalo hunters and distinguished men of the West. President Roosevelt killed his first Buffalo as the guest of J.A. Ferris of Medora, N.D., and Mr. Ferris will be asked to attend.
……A bunch of the buffaloes is to be turned loose in the Missouri River Valley, and the party will be compelled to find them and run them down, just as if they had always been living in the wild state. The animals have roamed over 1000 acre ranch and their dispositions are quite untamed.
……The Philips heard now consist of 129 head, of which two thirds are full-blooded. The herd is the product of a hunt of over 20 years ago, when Fred Dupree, an old French trader, foresaw the early extermination of the species and started for the little Missouri country to capture a few calves for the purpose of starting a herd. In this hunt he led a band of Indians and mixed bloods, which only accomplished their purpose after a long and dangerous search among the few herds of bison in that country. Only a half a dozen calves were taken alive and from these the present herd has been developed.
……Mr. Dupree held the Buffalo on the Cheyenne River with no greater care than to see that they kept along that stream, up to the time of his death, and in the settlement of the estate none of the numerous heirs cared to take them in his share, so they were sold to Phillips after and ineffectual attempt to dispose of them to the government. One of the bulls of this herd was sold for the show purposes for $1000 so it is evident that Mr. Phillips entertainment will be a lavish one.
……The largest herd of buffaloes in the United States is the property of M. Pablo of the Flathead Indian Reservation of Montana, who has 170 full-blooded animals. He guards his property jealously and no opportunity to hunt them will be given while he is owner. He has but little more than half of the great herd of 320 possessed jointly by Pablo and C Allard before Allard’s death in 1902. This was over a third of all the Buffalo in the world. Which number about 350 at the present time. The Flathead herd demonstrates that reproductive powers of the Buffalo when given proper surroundings. The two men bought seven buffaloes in the spring of 1883 and allowed them their liberty in their fertile Flathead Valley. This is surrounded by mountains, which keeps the buffaloes from wandering away, and kept out marauders. The seven multiplied in 20 years to 330.
……The herd that is next in size to that of Phillips is the property of Charles Goodnight of the Panhandle ranch Texas numbering 75.
When Allard died half of the Flathead herd was divided among his heirs and many of them sold their holdings to CE Conrad of Kalispell Montana, a banker has 37 head of the Flathead herd and Burgess & Hanson of Luana, Ia., have opened a farm with 20 of them.
……“The party will surely have plenty of fun. “says Tom Burgess of Luana, who expects to be one of the hunters. “Anyone thinking that the spirit of the Buffalo can be tamed by putting him inside a big fence is mistaken. I participated in one of the thrilling buffalo hunt, when I purchased some of the animals of the Flathead herd. The Buffalo were running wild, so there was no way of taking them but to run them down.
The date for the delivery of the buffaloes arrived and the Roundup party of 40 Indians, dressed in full paint and feathers, and two white men, mounted on the best thoroughbreds in the Valley, had gathered to the Allard ranch to participate in a real buffalo hunt.
……When all were ready the party, with Allard Junior, in the lead started for the feeding ground. When we approached the massive beast they were seen to be getting suspicious and finally they lumbered off at an ungraceful gallop that indicated anything but speed. It was when two of the Indians were directed to give chase and, if possible cut out a portion of the herd that the cows could be selected from, that the speed of the monsters was shown. The only way a cutoff could be made was to put fresh horses on the trail at intervals of an hour or two, and by so doing they finally succeeded in starting apart of the herd up a different ravine from that taken by the main herd. They were pursued until driven to the nearest corral in the cows purchased were cut out and the remainder given their freedom.
……“The following morning before the sun had peeped over the ridge of the mountains every horseman was in his saddle for the final chase. When the gates were opened the buffaloes rushed out and each took a different course, and each was followed by a party of yelping Indians. By noon they were farther from the railroad then when they started. By keeping everlastingly at it they were finally rounded up and started in a diagonal course from the feeding ground to the shipping point. And when they were at last landed three days and nights had been required to make the drive.”