Dr Jeff Martin: Whence the Buffalo Roamed:
When and Where Were Bison Roaming During Colonial North America and Before?
Pablo was a great read, an honorable man, and very much a hard worker. How devastated he must have been, after all his hard work and dedication, to have our government act so slow as not to be able to keep his herd.
Over the years, they were animals sold here and there to be butchered for meat. Not to mention the ones Pablo also butchered for meat, for his family, or for those around him.
So the story of Samuel Walking Coyote
When he got home, he asked his mother, “Where are my buffalo?”
“They are gone,” his mother told him. “Your [stepfather] sold them. They were driven off several days ago. You have some money in the amount of a thousand and several hundred dollars. Your stepfather has your money.
We are using some of it for food, bought groceries.”
[Hawk] cried, he felt so bad. That was the end of that.
[Tape 95, FCC Transcripts, Courtesy of Kootenai-Salish Culture Committee].
1873 Walking Coyote- Littel Falcon Robe aka Blanket Hawk herd- MT Piegan Indian 1hd Famished Buffalo bull calf -story told by Told by Que que sah & later Tony Barnaby, son-in-law of Michael Pablo
1873 Walking Coyote MT Bison Gathered from Montana 4hd by Chief Moses Michell -3 calves
1878 Walking Coyote MT Bison Gathered from Montana 7 calves Bull & heifer 1st trip, 2nd trip 2 bulls 3 heifers as recalled by Charles Aubrey – Trading post on Marias River
1884 Walking Coyote MT -10hd Chas. Allard and Michael Pablo bought of an Indian named Samuel ten head of buffalo, which the Indian brought from east of the Rocky Mountains
1884 Pablo- Allard MT Walking Coyote 12/14hd Start of herd
1887 Pablo Allard MT Herd Increase 15hd Great Falls Triune-started with two bull and two hfr cfs.
1888 Pablo-Allard MT Herd Increase 35hd pure 7 calves, 6 yearlings, 6 two year olds, 4 cows and two bulls that are 14 years old
1891 Pablo – Allard MT Herd Increase abt50hd Missoula Weekly Gazette
1893 Pablo- Allard MT CJ Jones Herd of 44-46hd Prior to this 64/16hd 95/31hd The herd had been depleted by ill-health, they were infested with Texas cattle lice, to just 26 pure-bred and 18 hybrid animals. Jones’ need to sell was forced upon him when he became heavy-indebted during the financial panic of 1893 (46hd @ 38k? 31 full & 15 half blood)
1893 Pablo –Allard MT Two year olds -15hd In fact he has already disposed of 15 two year-old calves to parties in England at $1,000 per head and which will be shipped to the old country early next spring.
1895/96 Pablo – Allard MT William Finley, Montana +25/30hd Sold his herd to P-A
1896 Allard Dies MT Split herd
1897 Pablo –Allard MT Smithsonian institute at Washington. -3hd Michael Pablo has sold another small band of buffalo from the Allard herd, this consignment being destined for the Smithsonian institute at Washington. (Bull and two cows) $500each
1897 Allard MT Eaton to Pittsburgh -2hd Howard Eaton who passed through here Saturday night with the two buffaloes obtained from the Allard herd on the Flathead headed to Pittsburgh
1897 Allard MT Hiram B. Adams to New York -40hd Mr. Adams, the purchaser, is taking this band to New York state, where he has contracted for their sale to zoological gardens and private parks. The other 32 will be distributed in different parts of the east as well as a car load of elk he has purchased between Butte and Pocatello, Idaho.
1898 Pablo MT 320hd No roundup was made until 1898, when there were found to be 320 all told.
1898 Pablo MT 1hd Cow One cow to Prospect Park (Cow received from Indian Res.)
1900 Pablo MT October (Allard herd) 259hd
1901 Pablo Allard MT Herd Increase +65cfs In 1901, 65 calves were added to the herd. About half of the cows are said to have calves each year.
1901 Allard MT October 4 Pair Hansen & Burgess -8hd By taking advantage of Al – lard’s knowledge of the buffalo, they managed to gain a good view at close range, and bargained with him for four cows and four calves, which were to be delivered at the railway station at Salish.
1901 Allard MT Iowa Feb 1902 -6hd Six cows were sold to a party in Iowa Hornaday February 13 1902
1901 Allard MT Tacoma, Washington -8hd Tacoma, Washington to be butchered-Bulls
1902 Pablo Allard MT Herd Split 330-70Xs During the past year, there have been sold nearly 100 animals. In the years past others have been sold, but the number is not determined. AAB Allard
1902 Allard MT Howard Eaton -Bulls for Taxidermist -6hd Howard Eaton of Medora. N. D.. accompanied by F. B. Tolhurst, the taxidermist returned this week from the Flathead country, where they were successful in securing six fine specimens of bull buffalo from the Allard herd -Two sent to John Rowley -Taxidermist
1902 Mrs Allard MT C. E. Conrad 27hd -27hd Conrad herd
1902 Pablo Allard MT Between 40 and 50 are said to have been sold to a company, the majority to stay on the reservation, the others to be used in the show business. Several were sold to Iowa parties.
1902 Allard MT Burgess & Hanson-Luana, Iowa -15hd Burgess & Hanson, We will follow the course of Merrs. Pablo and Allard and let the buffalo roam, feed and increase undisturbed. AAB Allard
1903 Pablo MT Herd Increase 330/70hd 330 pure bloods and 70 mixed-news article
1904 Pablo MT Count Ernest Bernstroff -2hd sold him two buffalo from his bunch on the reservation (to hunt) Howard Eaton
1906 Pablo MT Herd Increase 700+hd
1907 Pablo –Allard MT Reports of over a 1,000 head being sold off this ranch in its life time -708hd Seven hundred and eight buffalo were shipped to Canada, mostly to Elk Island National Park, Alberta. Others were sent to Banff- Howard Douglas and Norman Luxton
1908 Pablo MT January ABS 289hd 106 Bulls 134 Cows 49 Calves
1908 Charles Allard MT January ABS /40Xs About 40 crosses
1895 Howard Eaton Bad Lands SD Schenley Park in the fall -1hd Buffalo Bull-The lot will include a fine buffalo bull, a lot of antelope, several deer, a large lynx, and several magnificent swans.
1897 Howard Eaton SD Pittsburgh -2hd Howard Eaton recaptured his two buffalo on Tuesday in the Bad Lands. This enabled Mr. Eaton to complete his car of buffalo and elk. _Allard Herd
0000 Howard Eaton SD “When I afterward purchased the Allard interests there were about 400 in the herd, and I secured four-fifths of the Allard holdings. I have been gradually selling them off and by spring I expect to have disposed of nearly all of these.”
1903 Howard Eaton SD August 3rd report -3hd “The City of Winnipeg boasted a second small herd at River Park. These animals had formed part of the Pablo-Allard herd and had been purchased first by Howard Eaton and then by the Winnipeg Street Railway Company. It seems that they were later transferred from River Park to Assiniboine Park.”
1902 Howard Eaton SD Bulls – Goodnight Herd? -2hd Two bulls were shipped to Texas- Jul 1903 Others will be shipped to Mr. Eaton’s herd in Dakota, and still others to Texas, where there is a herd, the idea being to infuse new blood into those herds
1902 Howard Eaton SD Yellowstone 18 Cows and 2 Bulls -20hd Howard Eaton -handled the sale from Allard herd 2 Bulls and 18 cows ($ 10,000?) ABS 18 cows, I suspect the 2 bulls went another direction, Texas_Goodnight?
1902 Howard Eaton SD Carload to Ft Wayne Ind. May Brookside farm -John H Bass- May 4hd Took a car load of buffalo to Philadelphia & Fort Wayne, Ind., recently. One bull and 4 cows. Brookside Farm 4hd, prob.3 cows and one bull
1902 Howard Eaton SD Philadelphia – May 1hd Cow from May 6th load of 6 animals
1902 Howard Eaton SD Lincoln Park, Chicago-May -1hd Bull to zoo, Lincoln Park, Chicago
1903 Howard Eaton SD August 3hd -Allard Herd to River Park Can. -3hd One bull and two cows comprise the trio, and all are fine. River Park Canada
1902 Howard Eaton SD March George Miller of Ranch 101 in Ponca Reservation has gone to Chicago, where he will make deal for thirty head of Buffalo for the ranch. The animals are part of a Montana herd and will be shipped to the ranch in a week. Several head of the animals will be slaughtered .
1903 Howard Eaton SD Est 1903 +65hd Allard daughters herd. . The three daughters retained their interest until last spring. Then 27 had increased to 65, and were then sold to a man of the name of Eaton, at $255 each, on the range
1904 Howard Eaton SD Count Ernest Bernstroff Dec. -2hd sold him two buffalo from his bunch on the reservation (to hunt) Howard Eaton
1904 Howard Eaton WY Tacoma Washington –June -2hd/40hd Chutes Management bought a pair from Eaton-to be shipped aft June – His herd are running with that of Michael Pablo, of the Flathead reservation
1904 Howard Eaton WY +1hd Male from the Smithsonian herd
1904 Howard Eaton WY January (1st week) -5hd delivered to Denver City Park-
1904 Howard Eaton WY January -end of month -2hd delivered to Los Angeles -He had a herd of 10 buffalos that he secured there and which he was taking south. Part of the animals were for California and the remainder for zoological gardens in the east.
1904 Howard Eaton WY January-end of month -3hd delivered to San Francisco -He had a herd of 10 buffalos that he secured there and which he was taking south. Part of the animals were for California and the remainder for zoological gardens in the east.
1905 Howard Eaton WY January -3hd Golden Gate Park Bull and two cows from Howard Eaton -Pablo Herd all 2yo’s
1905 Howard Eaton WY Pittsburg Pa. May -2hd Preparations are being made at the zoo for the two buffaloes which will be received from Howard Eaton’s ranch. This will increase Father Pitt’s herd to five.
1907 Howard Eaton WY Fejervary Park Iowa –March -1hd fine specimen big buffalo to replace one that was killed several weeks ago.
1908 Howard Eaton WY January ABS 10hd 5 males, 5 females (ABS)